Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised?1 We have been saying that Abraham's faith was credited to him as righteousness.210
Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before!
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised.3 So then, he is the father4 of all who believe5 but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them.
And he is also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.
It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise6 that he would be heir of the world,7 but through the righteousness that comes by faith.814
For if those who live by law are heirs, faith has no value and the promise is worthless,915
because law brings wrath.10 And where there is no law there is no transgression.1116
Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace12 and may be guaranteed13 to all Abraham's offspring--not only to those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all.1417
As it is written: "I have made you a father of many nations."a15 He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed--the God who gives life16 to the dead and calls17 things that are not18 as though they were.