I speak the truth in Christ-I am not lying; my conscience is testifying to me with the Holy Spirita-
that I have intense sorrow and continual anguish in my heart.
For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut offb from the Messiah for the benefit of my brothers, my countrymen by physical descent.c4
They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the temple service, and the promises.
The forefathers are theirs, and from them, by physical descent,d came the Messiah, who is God over all, blessed forever.e Amen.
But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.
Neither are they all children because they are Abraham's descendants.f On the contrary, in Isaac your seed will be called. g8
That is, it is not the children by physical descenth who are God's children, but the children of the promise are considered seed.
For this is the statement of the promise: At this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son. i10
And not only that, but also when Rebekah became pregnantj by Isaac our forefather
(for though they had not been born yet or done anything good or bad, so that God's purpose according to election might stand,
not from works but from the One who calls) she was told: The older will serve the younger. k13
As it is written: Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated. l
What should we say then? Is there injustice with God? Absolutely not!
For He tells Moses: I will show mercy to whom I show mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion. m16
So then it does not depend on human will or effort,n but on God who shows mercy.
For the Scripture tells Pharaoh: For this reason I raised you up: so that I may display My power in you, and that My name may be proclaimed in all the earth. o18
So then, He shows mercy to whom He wills, and He hardens whom He wills.
You will say to me, therefore, "Why then does He still find fault? For who can resist His will?"
But who are you-anyonep who talks back to God? Will what is formed say to the one who formed it, "Why did you make me like this?"
Or has the potter no right over His clay,q to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor?
And what if God, desiring to display His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience objects of wrath ready for destruction?
And [what if] He did this to make known the riches of His glory on objects of mercy that He prepared beforehand for glory-
on us whom He also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?
As He also says in Hosea: I will call "Not-My-People," "My-People," and she who is "Unloved," "Beloved." r26
And it will be in the place where they were told, you are not My people, there they will be called sons of the living God. s27
But Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: Though the number of Israel's sons is like the sand of the sea, only the remnant will be saved;
for the Lord will execute His sentence completely and decisively on the earth. tu29
And just as Isaiah predicted: If the Lord of Hosts v had not left us a seed, we would have become like Sodom, and we would have been made like Gomorrah. w