11:1 Then all Israel a gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh.
(a) This was after the death of Ishbosheth Sauls son, when David had reigned over Judah seven years and six months in Hebron, ( 2 Samuel 5:5 ). 11:11 And this [is] the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, an Hachmonite, the b chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain [by him] at one time.
(b) Meaning, the most excellent and best esteemed for his valiantry: some read, the chief of the princes. 11:14 And they set themselves in the midst of [that] parcel, c and delivered it, and slew the Philistines; and the LORD saved [them] by a great deliverance.
(c) This act refers to Shammah, ( 2 Samuel 23:11 ), who it seems was the chiefest of these. 11:15 Now three of the d thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
(d) That is, Eleazar and his two companions. 11:19 And said, My God forbid it me, that I should do this thing: shall I drink the e blood of these men that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with [the jeopardy of] their lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mightiest.
(e) That is, this water, for which they risked their lives. 11:25 Behold, he was honourable among the thirty, but attained not to the f [first] three: and David set him over his guard.
(f) Meaning, those three who brought the water to David. 11:27 g Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,
(g) Called also Shammah, ( 2 Samuel 23:25 ). 11:29 h Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,
(h) He is also called Mebunnai, ( 2 Samuel 23:27 ).