But Philip was found at Azotus
The same with the Ashdod of the Philistines, famous for the temple of Dagon, ( 1 Samuel 5:1 ) where the Septuagint call it Azotus, as here: and so it is called in the Apocrypha:
``Howbeit all the hindmost of them were slain with the sword: for they pursued them unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea, and Azotus,
and Jamnia, so that there were slain of them upon a three thousand men.'' (1Mac 4:15)
``Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus
as one that journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain. because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust.'' (1Mac 10:77)
``But Jonathan set fire on Azotus,
and the cities round about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were fled into it, he burned with fire.'' (1Mac 10:84)
``And when he came near to Azotus,where mention is made of Beth Dagon, and the idol's temple in it; and by Herodotus F16, Pliny F17, and Ptolomy F18; and it is now called Palmis, according to R. Benjamin F19; it was about fifty four miles from Jerusalem, and two hundred and seventy furlongs, Or four and thirty miles F20 from Gaza:
they shewed him the temple of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus
and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and them that he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.'' (1Mac 11:4)
and passing through;
or, as he passed along through that and other places:
he preached in all the cities;
that lay in his way; which shows his zeal and diligence:
till he came to Caesarea;
not Caesarea Philippi, ( Matthew 16:13 ) but that which was before called Strato's tower, and was rebuilt by Herod, and called Caesarea, in honour of Augustus Caesar F21; and not by Caesar himself, as R. Benjamin says F23: it was six hundred furlongs, or seventy five miles from Jerusalem F24, This place was famous for Jewish Rabbins, and their schools of learning; frequent mention is made of (Nyroyqd Nynbr) , "the Rabbins of Caesarea" F25; here Philip seems to have stopped, and stayed awhile.
F16 L. 2. c. 157.
F17 L. 5. c. 13.
F18 L. 5. c. 16.
F19 Itinerar. p. 51.
F20 Diodor. Sicul. l. 19. c. 95.
F21 Joseph. de Bello Jud. l. 1. c. 7. sect. 8. & c. 21. sect. 5. 7.
F23 ltinerar. p. 37.
F24 Joseph. de Bello Jud. l. 1. c. 3. sect. 5. & Antiqu. l. 13. c. 19.
F25 T. Hieros. Challa, fol. 57. 2. & passim.