Exodus 21:26

Exodus 21:26

If a man smite the eye of his servant
Give him a blow on the eye in a passion, as a correction for some fault he has committed:

or the eye of his maid, that it perish;
strike her on that part in like manner, so that the eye is beaten or drops out, or however loses its sight, and "[is] blinded", as the Septuagint version; or "corrupts" it {k}, it turns black and blue, and gathers corrupt matter, and becomes a sore eye; yet if the sight is not lost, or corrupts so as to perish, this law does not take place; the Targum of Jonathan, and to Jarchi restrain this to a Canaanitish servant or maid:

he shall let him go free for his eye's sake;
or "them", as the Septuagint; his right to them as a servant was hereby forfeited, and he was obliged to give them their freedom, let the time of servitude, that was to come, be what it would. This law was made to deter masters from using their servants with cruelty, since though humanity and goodness would not restrain them from ill usage of them, their own profit and advantage by them might.


FOOTNOTES:

F11 (htxv) "et corruperit eum", Pagninus, Montanus, Drusius; so Ainsworth.
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