And these [are] the names of the sons of Ishmael
After mentioned: by their names, according to their generations; which were imposed upon them at their birth, and are recited according to the order in which they were born, as follows: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth:
mentioned in ( Isaiah 60:7 ) ; and from whence a people of the Arabs are called Nabathaeans, and their country Nabathaea. Josephus F9 says, that all the country from Euphrates to the Red sea is called the Nabatene country. The posterity of this man inhabited part of Arabia Deserta and of Arabia Petraea, even to the entrance of Arabia Felix. Strabo F11 reckons the Nabataeans among the Arabians, and calls Petra the metropolis of Arabia Petraea, Petra Nabataea, and Petra of the Arabian Nabataeans, who he says dwelt about Syria, and often made excursions into it; and observes, that their country is populous and abounds with pastures; hence the rams of Nebaioth, mentioned in ( Isaiah 60:7 ) ; Pliny also F12 places them in Arabia, and says they inhabit the town called Petra, and that they border upon Syria. And Kedar
is the second son of Ishmael; and the posterity of this man and their country are reckoned in Arabia by Isaiah, ( Isaiah 21:13 Isaiah 21:16 Isaiah 21:17 ) ; and they are so well known to be Arabians, that the Arabic language is most frequently, in Jewish writings, called the language of Kedar. These are the people whom Pliny F13 names Cedrei, and mentions them along with the Nabathaeans, as near unto them, and indeed they dwelt in the same country, Arabia Petraea, and in tents, living by pasturage, hence they are sometimes called Scenites; and mention is made of the tents of Kedar in ( Song of Solomon 1:5 ) ; these are the Scenite Arabs, called Saracens by Ammianus Marcellinus F14. Two other sons of Ishmael follow: and Adbeel and Mibsam;
of whom no mention is made elsewhere, nor are there any traces of their names, unless the Agubeni, placed by Ptolemy
F15 near Arabia Felix.
F9 Antiqu. l. 1. c. 12. sect. 4.
F11 Geograph. l. 16. p. 528, 534, 536.
F12 Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 11. & l. 6. c. 28. & l. 12. c. 17.
F13 lbid. l. 5. c. 11.
F14 L. 22. p. 228. l. 23. p. 250. Ed. Vales.
F15 Geograph. l. 5. c. 19.