And all the mingled people
Not the Arabians, who are mentioned afterwards, ( Jeremiah 25:24 ) ; but rather a mixed people in the land of Egypt, such as came out of it along with the Israelites; or were near it, and bordered upon it, as the Targum; which renders it, all the bordering kings; or rather a mixture of people of different nations that dwelt by the sea coasts, either the Mediterranean, or the Red sea, as others think: and all the kings of the land of Uz;
not the country of Job, called by the Greeks Ausitis, as the Vulgate Latin version; but rather a country of Idumea, so called from Uz the son of Dishan, the son of Seir, ( Lamentations 4:21 ) ( Genesis 36:28 ) ; and all the kings of the land of the Philistines;
the petty kings of it, called the lords of the Philistines elsewhere, who were great enemies to the people of the Jews: the prophecy of their destruction is in forty seventh chapter, and whose principal cities are next mentioned: and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod;
of Ashkelon, and the sword in it, and ruin, see ( Jeremiah 47:5 Jeremiah 47:7 ) . "Azzah" is the same with Gaza, whose destruction is also foretold in ( Jeremiah 47:1 Jeremiah 47:5 ) ; see ( Acts 8:26 ) ; "Ekron" was another of the cities of the Philistines; see ( 1 Samuel 5:10 ) ; and "Ashdod" is the same with Azotus, another of their cities, ( Acts 8:40 ) ; called "the remnant of Ashdod", because the remains only of a once very strong and fortified place; but was so weakened and wasted by Psammiticus, king of Egypt, in a blockade of it, for the space of nine and twenty years F11, before he took it, that when he had got in it, it was but as the carcass of a city, to what it was before F12.