Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor
A new prophecy concerning the Arabians; for Kedar was a son of Ishmael, ( Genesis 25:13 ) ; whose posterity inhabited Arabia Petraea. Hazor was Petra itself, the metropolis of the country, whose king had several petty kings and kingdoms under him; for this is not the Hazor in the land of Canaan destroyed by Joshua, which had been the head of several kingdoms; and where Jabin king of Canaan afterwards reigned, ( Joshua 11:10 ) ( Judges 4:2 ) ; though some think that some of those Hazorites in Joshua's time made their escape, and fled into these parts, and built a city, and called it after the name of the former: which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall smite, thus saith the Lord:
that is, "thus saith the Lord concerning", or "unto", or "against Kedar" F16 as in ( Jeremiah 49:1 ) ; which the king of Babylon "hath smitten"; the past for the future, common in prophetic language: or, "is about to smite" F17; would do it in a very little time; for the phrase, "thus saith the Lord", is not to be connected with what follows after, but with what goes before; though indeed the next words are the words of the Lord to the Chaldeans: arise ye, go up to Kedar;
in a hostile manner; invade that country, and possess it: and spoil the men of the east;
the Arabians, which lay east of Judea and Babylon: or, "the children of Kedem" F18; the same with Kedemah, another son of Ishmael, ( Genesis 25:15 ) ; whose posterity dwelt still more to the east; so Kimchi; though the Targum renders it "the children of the east".
F16 (rdql) "ad Cedar", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus; "contra Kedarem", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "contra Arabian", Schmidt.
F17 (hkx) "percussurus est", Junius & Tremellius, Grotius.
F18 (Mdq ynb) "filios Chedem", Montanus, Vatablus.