Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel,
&c.] Because of this cruel treatment of his people, whose God he was; and being the Lord of hosts, and able to avenge himself on their enemies, he threatens as follows: behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land;
not Nebuchadnezzar, but a successor of his, Belshazzar, who was slain the night Babylon was taken: as I have punished the king of Assyria;
not Shalmaneser, that carried the tribes captive; but a successor of his, Chynilidanus, the last king of Assyria; who was killed when Nineveh was taken, the metropolis of Assyria, and which was done before this prophecy was delivered. These two kings may figuratively design the Turk and Pope, who will both be destroyed at, or just before, the conversion of the Jews, and their return to their own land; which is prophesied of in ( Jeremiah 50:19 Jeremiah 50:20 ) .