They are all grievous revolters
From the right way of God and his worship: or, they are all revolters of revolters
F5; of all, the greatest revolters, the greatest sinners and transgressors, the most stubborn and disobedient; or sons of revolters; fathers and children are alike. The Targum, is,
``all their princes rebel;''and so the Vulgate Latin and Syriac versions: "walking with slanders": of one another; or with deceit, as the Targum; in a hypocritical and fraudulent manner; playing the hypocrite with God, or tricking and deceiving their neighbours. They are "brass and iron"; as vile and mean as those metals, and not as gold and silver; or as hard and inflexible as they are; or they deal as insincerely
``as he that mixes brass with iron;''so the Targum: they are all corrupters;
as such that mix metals are; they are corrupters of themselves and of others, of the doctrines and manners of men, and of the ways and worship of God.
F5 (Myrrwo yro) "refractarii refractariorum", Schmidt; "contumacium contumacissimi", Junius & Tremellius.