And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron,
&c.] Hebron was first taken by Joshua, and the inhabitants of it put to the sword, ( Joshua 10:36 Joshua 10:37 ) ; but while Joshua was employed in making other conquests, the Canaanites found ways and means of getting into the possession of it again; wherefore, when a grant of it was made to Caleb, he, with the assistance of the tribe of Judah, of which he was prince, regained it, ( Joshua 15:12 Joshua 15:14 ) ; wherefore what is recorded here is only a repetition of what was then done; unless it can be thought that this fact was there inserted by anticipation, or that there were two expeditions of the children of Judah against this place:
now the name of Hebron, before [was] Kirjatharba:
see ( Joshua 14:15 ) ; in the first of which Caleb, with the assistance of this tribe, drove out the three giants only, who afterwards got possession again, and in this put them to death, as follows:
and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai;
see ( Numbers 13:22 ) ( Joshua 15:14 ) ; but what follows concerning their going from hence to Debir, and the offer of Caleb to give his daughter in marriage to whomsoever should take it, does not seem so well to agree with times after the death of Joshua; since it is highly probable that Caleb, who was contemporary with him and Eleazar, was now dead, and at least cannot well be thought to have a young daughter at this time undisposed of in marriage; wherefore these facts are only repeated upon observing Judah's having taken Jerusalem, to show what exploits were performed by men of that tribe; wherefore for what is after said, ( Judges 1:11-15 ) , as is said in ( Joshua 15:15-19 ) , where the same things are related in express words as here, containing the request of Caleb's daughter: such an one, as made to Domitian, is related by Martial F12.
F12 "Est mihi sitque precor" l. 9. ep. 16.