And he shall kill the bullock before the Lord
That is, the man that brings the burnt offering, for no other is yet spoken of; and according to the traditions of the elders F8, killing of the sacrifice was right when done by strangers, by women, and by servants, and by unclean persons, even in the most holy things so be it that the unclean did not touch the flesh; and it is observed F9, that the service of the priest begins in the next clause, killing being lawful by him that was not a priest, according to the Targum of Jonathan, the butcher; but Aben Ezra interprets it of the priests, and certain it is, that the burnt offerings of the fowls were killed by the priests, ( Leviticus 1:15 ) and the Septuagint version renders it, "and they shall kill": but be this as it will, the burnt offering was to be killed in the court before the Lord; and this was typical of the death of Christ, who, according to these types, as well as to other prophecies, was to die for the sins of men, and accordingly did; and if this was the proprietor and not the priest that killed the sacrifice, it may denote that the sins of God's people, for whom Christ's sacrifice was offered up, were the cause of his death:
and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood:
in vessels or basins, as the Targum of Jonathan adds, into which they received it when slain:
and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the
door of the tabernacle of the congregation;
which was the altar of burnt offering, and not the altar of incense, as appears by the situation of it, see ( Exodus 40:5 Exodus 40:6 ) and the blood was sprinkled all around the altar with two sprinklings: the rule in the Misnah is F11; the slaying of the burnt offering is in the north, and the reception of its blood into the ministering vessels is in the north, and its blood ought to have two sprinklings, which answer to four; which Maimonides
F8 Misn. Zebachim, c. 3. sect. 1. & Maimon. in ib. T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 27. 1. & Zebachim, fol. 32. 1. & Menachot, fol. 19. 1.
F9 Bartenora in Misn. Zebachim, ib.
F11 Misn. Zebachim, c. 5. sect. 4.
F12 Perush in ib.
F13 Jarchi, Bartenora, & Yom Tob, in ib.
F14 Hilchot Korbanot, c. 5. sect. 6.
F15 Vid. T. Bab. Zebachim, fol. 53. 2.