Nevertheless, these shall ye not eat
To whom one of these descriptive characters may agree but not the other:
of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof:
there being some that chewed the cud but did not divide the hoof; others that divided the hoof but did not chew the cud, of which instances are given as follow:
[as] the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the
hoof; he [is] unclean unto you;
and not to be eaten, whether male or female; or rather, "though he cheweth the cud"; and this account agrees with what naturalists give of it; so Aristotle F26 says it has not both rows of teeth, but wants its upper teeth, and chews as horned cattle do, and has bellies like theirs; for they have more bellies than one, as the sheep, and goat, and hart, and others; since the service of the mouth is not sufficient to grind the food for want of teeth, this is supplied by the bellies, which receive the food one after another; in the first it is undigested, in the second somewhat more digested, in the third more fully, in the fourth completely: and so many bellies the camel has, as a very learned searcher F1 into these things observes; the first is the biggest, the second very small, the third much greater than the second, and the fourth equal to the second; in the second belly between the tunics, he says, seem to be the hydrophylacia, in which the water they drink is kept, very commodious for these animals passing through sandy deserts, so that they can long bear thirst: Pliny
F26 De Part. Animal. l. 3. c. 14.
F1 Scheuchzer. ib. p. 280.
F2 Nat. Hist. l. 8. c. 18.
F3 Descriptio Africae, l. 1. p. 75.
F4 Hist. Animal. l. 2. c. 1.
F5 L. 11. c. 45.
F6 Hist. Animal. l. 6. c. 26.
F7 Nat. Hist. l. 11. c. 41.
F8 Bibliothec. l. 2. p. 137.
F9 Geograph. l. 16. p. 535.
F11 Descriptio Africae, l. 1. p. 48. l. 6. 617, 620. Arab. Geogr. Clim. 1. par. 1. 3.
F12 Pitts's Account of the Mahometans, c. 8. p. 106. Vid. Hieron, adv. Jovinian. l. 2.