and ye shall afflict your souls; in the ninth [day] of the month at
the fast was to begin at the close of the ninth day, and to continue to the end of the tenth; so Maimonides F18: he begins to fast and afflict himself at the evening of the ninth next to the tenth; and so at the going out of it he continues in his affliction a little while of the night of the eleventh, next to the tenth, which is confirmed by what follows:
from even unto even shall ye celebrate your sabbath;
which some understand of the sabbath in general; but it seems to have a particular respect to the sabbath of the day of atonement, which was to last from the evening of the ninth to the evening of the tenth day.
F17 R. Alphes, par. 1. Yom Hacippurim, c. 1. fol. 357. 2.
F18 Ut supra, (Maimon. Hilchot Shebitat Asher) c. 1. sect. 6.