And the husbandmen took his servants
They seized and laid hold of them in a rude and violent manner: so far were they from treating these servants with respect, as they ought to have done; considering whose they were, from whom they came, and upon what account; and also so far from delivering to them the fruit due to their master, or excusing their inability to make a suitable return, as might be expected, they use them very roughly:
and beat one;
either with the fist, as Jeremiah was struck by Pashur, the son of Immer, the priest, one of these husbandmen, ( Jeremiah 20:1 Jeremiah 20:2 ) and as Micaiah was smitten on the cheek by Zedekiah, the son of Chenaanah, the false prophet, ( 2 Chronicles 18:23 ) or with a scourge, and may refer to the punishment of beating with forty stripes, save one, by which the skin was flayed off; as the word here signifies; for some of these servants had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, ( Hebrews 11:36 ) . And killed another; that is, with the sword. There were four kinds of death in the power of the sanhedrim, of which this is one, and what follows is another; and were these, stoning, burning, killing (i.e. beheading with the sword), and strangling: the manner of executing this punishment here expressed, was this:
``They cut off the person's head (Pyyob) , "with a sword", in the manner the government orders it. R. Judah says, this is indecent (i.e. to cut off his head standing, they do not do so), but they put his head upon a block, and cut it off with an axe; they reply to him, there is no death more abominable than this F24.''So the prophets, in the time of Elijah, were killed with the sword, ( 1 Kings 19:14 ) see also ( Daniel 11:33 ) .
And stoned another;
as they did Zechariah, ( 2 Chronicles 24:21 ) and doubtless many others; since Jerusalem had the character of killing the prophets, and stoning them that were sent unto her, ( Matthew 23:37 ) these seemed such that were stoned, but not killed; but as Mark says, were wounded in the head with the stones thrown at them, and shamefully handled, and sadly abused.
F24 Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 7. sect. 1, 3.