Introduction

\\INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 2\\

This psalm is the second in order, and so it is called in \\#Ac 13:33\\;
which shows that the book of Psalms was in the same form in the
apostles' days as now, and as it ever had been; and though it is
without a title, yet certain it is that it is a psalm of David, since
the twelve apostles of Christ with one voice ascribe it to him, in
which no doubt they the generally received sense of the Jewish
\\#Ac 4:24,25\\; and the Messiah is the subject of and that it is a
prophecy concerning him, his person, office, and kingdom, appears
from the express mention of the Lord's Anointed, or Messiah, in his
being set as King over Zion, notwithstanding the opposition made
against him; from the person spoken of being called the Son of God, and
that in such sense as angels and men are not, and therefore cannot
belong to any creature; and from his having so large an inheritance,
and such power over the Heathen; and from the reverence, service, and
obedience due to him from the kings and judges of the earth; and from
the trust and confidence which is to be put in him, which ought not to
be placed but in a divine Person; and more especially this appears from
several passages cited out of it in the New Testament, and applied to
the Messiah, \\#Ac 4:25-27 13:33 Heb 1:5 5:5\\, to which may be added,
that the ancient Jewish doctors interpreted this psalm of the Messiah
{s}; and some of the modern ones own that it may be understood either
of David or of the Messiah, and that some things are clearer of the
Messiah than of David {t}; and some particular passages in it are
applied to him both by ancient and later writers among the Jews, as
\\#Ps 2:1,2\\, "Why do the Heathen rage" {u}; \\#Ps 2:6\\, "I have
set" {w}; \\#Ps 2:7\\, "I will declare the decree", &c. {x}, and
\\#Ps 2:8\\, "Ask of me" {y}; and we may very safely interpret the
whole of him.

{s} Jarchi in loc.
{t} Kimchi in v. 12. & Aben Ezra in v. 6. 12.
{u} T. Bab. Avodah Zarah, fol. 3. 2. Pirke Eliezer, c. 19.
{w} R. Saadiah Gaon in Dan. vii. 13.
{x} Yalkut Simeoni, par. 2. fol. 90. 2. Zohar in Numb. fol. 82. 2.
Maimon in Misn Sanhedrin, c. 11. 1. & Abarbinel Mashmiah Jeshuah,
fol. 37. 4. &. 38. 1.
{y} T. Bab. Succah, fol. 52. 1. & Bereshit Rabba, s. 44. fol. 38. 4.