The princes of the people are gathered together
Not against Christ, as at his first coming, but to him, and to his church and people; even the great men of the earth, the kings and princes of it, as they will in the latter day; see ( Isaiah 49:23 ) ( Isaiah 60:3 Isaiah 60:10 Isaiah 60:11 ) ( Revelation 21:24 ) ; or this may mean the saints in general, who are all of them the princes of people, and are set among princes, yea, are kings priests unto God; some render it, "the willing" or "voluntary ones of his people" F7; the same word is here used as in ( Psalms 110:3 ) ; where it is rendered "willing", and designs such who are made willing to be saved by Christ, submit to his righteousness, and be subject to his word and ordinances;
[even] the people of the God of Abraham;
whom the God of Abraham has chosen for his people, taken into covenant, given to his Son, and who are redeemed by his blood, and effectually called by his grace; and who, though Gentiles, belong to the same covenant and the same covenant God as Abraham did, and have the blessing of Abraham upon them; and are indeed his spiritual seed, being Christ's. The Targum is, "the people that believe in the God of Abraham". The words may be rendered in connection with the former clause, "gathered together unto the people of the God of Abraham" F8; and so denote the association of the Gentiles converted with the believing Jews, as was at the first times of the Gospel, and will be at the latter day, ( 1 Corinthians 12:13 ) ( Galatians 3:28 Galatians 3:29 ) ( Isaiah 60:4 ) ;
for the shields of the earth [belong] unto God;
that is, the rulers of the earth, as the word is rendered in ( Hosea 4:18 ) ; who are as a shield and a protection to their subjects; these are set up and put down by the Lord at his pleasure; and their hearts are in his hands, and he can convert them when he pleases, and gather them to his Son, and into his churches; or, as Jarchi interprets it,
``he has power in his hands to protect as with a shield all that trust in him;''safety is of the Lord; the protection of the world and of the church is from him who is King over all the earth;
he is greatly exalted;
that is, Christ, who has all power in heaven and in earth; he is highly exalted at the right hand of God, angels, authorities, and powers, being subject to him.
F7 (Myme ybydn) "voluntarii populorum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius.
F8 So Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus.