Gilead [is] mine
This is particularly mentioned, because over this Abner made Ishbosheth king, ( 2 Samuel 2:9 ) ; and is the place to which the Jews shall be brought in the latter day, when converted, ( Zechariah 10:10 ) ; It was a country that abounded with pastures fit for feeding cattle, ( Numbers 32:1 ) ( Song of Solomon 4:1 ) , and may point out those green pastures where Christ makes his flocks to lie down and rest;
and Manasseh [is] mine; Ephraim also [is] the strength of mine head:
these two were also under Saul's son when David first came to the throne, but afterwards became his, as was promised him, and he believed, ( 2 Samuel 2:9 ) ( 5:1-3 ) . And the concord and harmony of the people of God among themselves, and under David their Prince, the King Messiah, are signified and Ephraim being one in the hand of the by the ceasing of the envy of the one, and of the vexation of the other, ( Ezekiel 37:19 Ezekiel 37:24 ) ( Isaiah 11:13 ) ; Ephraim was more numerous and populous than Manasseh, and abounded with mighty men, which are the strength of a prince, and therefore called here the strength of his head;
Judah [is] my lawgiver;
manifestly referring to ( Genesis 49:10 ) ; which furnished out persons fit to be counsellors in enacting laws, and proper to be employed in the execution of them. The great Lawgiver is Christ himself, who came of this tribe, ( Isaiah 33:22 ) ; All this is expressive of dominion over the whole land of Judea, Ephraim, and Manasseh, with the places mentioned with them; the house of Joseph being, as Aben Ezra observes, in the north part of it, and Judah in the south. Next mention is made of the subjection of the Gentiles, and dominion over them.