But I scattered them with a whirlwind
Denoting the fierceness of his wrath, and the strength of his fury, seen in their dispersion: among all the nations whom they knew not;
such as the Babylonians, Medes, and Persians, people before unknown to the Jews: thus the land was desolate after them;
that is, the land of Judea was destitute of inhabitants, or had but few remaining in it, after the Jews were carried captive into Babylon; for the rest, after the death of Gedaliah, fled into Egypt: that no man passed through, nor returned;
neither from Egypt, nor from Babylon, until the seventy years of captivity were ended; nor indeed did any from other nations pass through and fro, or settle in it, during this time, that we have any account of: for they laid the pleasant land desolate;
either the Israelites by their iniquities, which were the cause of it; or the Babylonians, as the instruments of God's vengeance. This pleasant land is the land of Canaan, a land flowing with milk and honey; the glory of all lands, for its great fruitfulness, and delightful situation; and especially for being the seat of the divine Majesty, and where his people dwelt, and where his temple was, and he was worshipped; see ( Ezekiel 20:6 ) ( Deuteronomy 8:7-10 ) .