But now (nuni de). Strong contrast, as opposed to "at that time." Afar off (makran). Adverb (accusative feminine adjective with odon understood). From the politeia and its hope in God. Are made nigh (egenhqhte eggu). First aorist passive indicative of ginomai, a sort of timeless aorist. Nigh to the commonwealth of Israel in Christ. In the blood of Christ (en twi aimati tou Cristou). Not a perfunctory addition, but essential ( Romans 1:7 ), particularly in view of the Gnostic denial of Christ's real humanity.