John 18:1

With (sun). See Matthew 12:2 for another example of sun in John (common in Paul). The usual meta reappears in verse 18:2 . Over (peran). "Beyond," preposition with the ablative as in Jo 6:22 Jo 6:25 . Brook (ceimarrou). Old word, flowing (roo, rew) in winter (ceima), only here in N.T. Kidron (ton Kedrwn). Literally, "of the Cedars," "Brook of the Cedars." Only here in N.T. So 2 Samuel 15:23 . Textus Receptus like Josephus (Ant. VIII, 1, 5) has the singular tou Kedrwn (indeclinable). As a matter of fact it was always dry save after a heavy rain. A garden (khpo). Old word, in N.T. only here, verse 2 Samuel 26 ; 2 Samuel 19:41 (Joseph's); Luke 13:19 . John, like Luke, does not give the name Gethsemane (only in Mark 14:32 ; Matthew 26:36 ). The brook of the cedars had many unhallowed associations ( 1 Kings 2:37 ; 1 Kings 15:13 ; 2 Kings 23:4 ; 2 Chronicles 29:16 ; Jeremiah 31:40 ).