Cast out (exebalen). Drove out, assumed authority over "the temple of God" (probably correct text with tou qeou, though only example of the phrase). John ( John 2:14 ) has a similar incident at the beginning of the ministry of Jesus. It is not impossible that he should repeat it at the close after three years with the same abuses in existence again. It is amazing how short a time the work of reformers lasts. The traffic went on in the court of the Gentiles and to a certain extent was necessary. Here the tables of the money-changers (twn kollubistwn, from kollubo, a small coin) were overturned. See on "Mt 17:24" for the need of the change for the temple tax. The doves were the poor man's offering.