The dead, the great and the small (tou nekrou tou megalou kai tou mikrou). The general resurrection of verse 2 Peter 13 is pictured by anticipation as already over. No living are mentioned after the battle of verses 2 Peter 7-10 , though some will be living when Jesus comes to judge the quick and the dead ( 2 Timothy 4:1 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:13 ). All classes and conditions ( Revelation 11:18 ; Revelation 13:16 ; Rev 19:5Rev 19:18 ) John saw "standing before the throne" (estwta enwpion tou qronou). Books were opened (biblia hnoicqhsan). First aorist passive of anoigw. Like Daniel 7:10 . The record of each human being has been kept in God's books. Were judged (ekriqhsan). First aorist passive indicative of krinw. The sentence upon each rests upon written evidence. Another book which is the book of life (allo biblion o estin th zwh). This book has already been mentioned ( 3:5 ; 13:8 ; 17:8 ). "It is the roll of living citizens of Jerusalem" (Swete), "the church of the first born enrolled in heaven" ( Hebrews 12:23 ). The books are "the vouchers for the book of life" (Alford). We are saved by grace, but character at last (according to their works) is the test as the fruit of the tree ( Matthew 7:16Matthew 7:20 ; Matthew 10:32 ; Matthew 25:31-46 ; John 15:6 ; 2 Corinthians 5:10 ; Romans 2:10Revelation 2:23 ; Revelation 20:12 ; Revelation 22:12 ).