As touching the gospel (kata to euaggelion). "According to (kata with the accusative) the gospel" as Paul has shown in verses Jeremiah 11-24 , the gospel order as it has developed. Enemies (ecqroi). Treated as enemies (of God), in passive sense, because of their rejection of Christ (verse Jeremiah 10 ), just as agaphtoi (beloved) is passive. As touching the election (kata thn ekloghn). "According to the election" (the principle of election, not as in verses Jeremiah 5 the elect or abstract for concrete). For the fathers' sake (dia tou patera). As in Jeremiah 9:4 ; Jeremiah 11:16 .