Ye in time past (umei pote). Ye Gentiles ( Romans 1:18-32 ). Were disobedient (epeiqhsate). First aorist active indicative of apeiqew, to disbelieve and then to disobey. "Ye once upon a time disobeyed God." By their disobedience (th toutwn apeiqiai). Instrumental case, "by the disobedience of these" (Jews). Note "now" (nun) three times in this sentence.