Tryphaena and Tryphosa (Trupainan kai Trupwsan). Probably sisters and possibly twins. Both names come from the same root, the verb trupaw, to live luxuriously ( James 5:5 ). Denney suggests "Dainty and Disdain." Persis (Persida). A freedwoman was so named. She is not Paul's "beloved," but the "beloved" of the whole church.