72:1 Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son.
72:5 They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations.
Give the king
The Psalm as a whole forms a complete vision of Messiah's kingdom so far as the O.T. revelation extended. All David's prayers will find their fruition in the kingdom ( Psalms 72:20 ); 2 Samuel 23:1-4 .
Verse 1 refers to the investiture of the King's Son with the kingdom, of which investiture the formal description is given in Daniel 7:13 Daniel 7:14 ; Revelation 5:5-10 ; Psalms 72:2-7 Psalms 72:12-14 give the character of the kingdom. (Cf) Isaiah 11:3-9 .
The emphatic word is righteousness. The sermon on the Mount describes the kingdom of righteousness. Verses 8-11 speak of the universality of the kingdom. Verse 16 hints at the means by which universal blessing is to be brought in. Converted Israel will be the "handful of corn" Amos 9:9 as the King Himself in death and resurrection was the single grain, the "corn of wheat" John 12:24 "To the Jew first" is the order alike of Church and kingdom. ; Romans 1:16 ; Acts 13:46 ; Acts 15:16 Acts 15:17 . It is through restored Israel that the kingdom is to be extended over the earth. Zechariah 8:13 Zechariah 8:20-23 .
See Psalm 89., next in order of the Messianic Psalms.
72:14 He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.
(See Scofield "Psalms 19:9") .
72:20 The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.
Heb. "goel," Redemp. (Kinsman type). (See Scofield "Isaiah 59:20") .
Lit. to be ended, i.e. in complete answer. 2 Samuel 23:1-4 .