|Overview - Isaiah 13|
|1||God musters the armies of his wrath.|
|6||He threatens to destroy Babylon by the Medes.|
|19||The desolation of Babylon.|
Isaiah 13:19 (King James Version)
And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
- Babylon, whose destruction and utter ruin are here predicted, was situated in the midst of a large plain, having a very deep and fruitful soil, on the Euphrates, about 252 miles south-east of Palmyra, and the same distance north-west of Susa and the Persian gulf, in lat
- 32 degrees 30' N. and long. 44 degrees 20' E. According to Herodotus, it formed a perfect
- square, each side of which was 120 ; stadia, and consequently its circumference 480 ; stadia, or sixty miles; inclosed by a wall 200 ; cubits high, and fifty wide, on the top of which were small watch towers of one story high, leaving a space between them, through which a chariot and four might pass and turn. On each side were twenty-five gates of solid brass; from each of which proceeded a street, 150 ; feet broad, making in all fifty streets; which, crossing each other at right angles, intersected the city into 676 ; squares, extending four stadia and a half on each side, along which stood the houses, all built three or four stories high, and highly decorated towards the street; the interior of these squares being employed as gardens, pleasure grounds, etc. Its principal ornaments were the temple of Belus, having a tower of eight stories, upon a base of a quarter of a mile square; a most magnificent palace; and the famous hanging gardens, or artificial mountains raised upon arches, and planted with large and beautiful trees. Cyrus took it by diverting the waters of the Euphrates, which ran through the midst, and entering by the channel; and the river being never restored to its proper course, overflowed the whole country, and made it a morass. Darius Hystaspes afterwards depopulated the place, lowered the walls, and demolished the gates; Xerxes destroyed the temples; the building of Seleucia nearly exhausted it of its inhabitants; a king of the Parthians carried a number of them into slavery, and destroyed the most beautiful parts; so that modern travellers describe it as a mass of shapeless ruins, the habitation of wild beasts. Isaiah 14:4-6 Isaiah 14:12-15 Jeremiah 51:41 ; Daniel 2:37 Daniel 2:38 ; 4:30
- when God overthrow
- Hebrew the overthrowing of.
- Genesis 19:24 ; Deuteronomy 29:23 ; Jeremiah 49:18 ; 50:40 Zephaniah 2:9