Nehemiah 11:1

Overview - Nehemiah 11
The rulers, voluntary men, and the tenth man chosen by lot, dwell at Jerusalem.
A catalogue of their names.
20 The residue dwell in other cities.
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Nehemiah 11:1  (King James Version)
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

the rulers
Nehemiah 7:4 Nehemiah 7:5 Deuteronomy 17:8 Deuteronomy 17:9 ; Psalms 122:5

cast lots
Jerusalem certainly had many inhabitants at this time, but not sufficient to preserve the city, which was now encompassed with a wall, the building of which was going on fast. Nehemiah, therefore, obliged one-tenth of the country people to come and dwell in it, that the population might be sufficient for the defence of the city. Some volunteered their services, which was at that time considered a sacrifice to patriotism; as Jerusalem then afforded very few advantages, and was a place of considerable danger: hence "the people blessed them that willingly offered themselves."
10:34 Joshua 18:10 ; 1 Chronicles 26:13 ; Proverbs 16:33 ; Acts 1:24

one of ten
Judges 20:9 Judges 20:10

the holy
18 ; Isaiah 48:2 ; 52:1 Matthew 4:5 ; 27:53