1 Kings 5 CSB

Hiram's Building Materials

1 aHiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon when he heard that he had been anointed king in his father's place, for Hiram had always been friends with David.

References for 1 Kings 5:1

    • a 5:1 - 1 Kg 5:15 in Hb
      2 Solomon sent [this message] to Hiram:
      3 "You know my father David was not able to build a temple for the name of the Lord his God. This was because of the warfare all around him until the Lord put his enemies under his feet.
      4 The Lord my God has now given me rest all around; there is no enemy or crisis.
      5 So I plan to build a temple for the name of the Lord my God, according to what the Lord promised my father David: 'I will put your son on your throne in your place, and he will build the temple for My name.'b

      References for 1 Kings 5:5

        • b 5:5 - 2 Sm 7:12-13
          6 "Therefore, command that cedars from Lebanon be cut down for me. My servants will be with your servants, and I will pay your servants' wages according to whatever you say, for you know that not a man among us knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians."
          7 When Hiram heard Solomon's words, he greatly rejoiced and said, "May the Lord be praised today! He has given David a wise son to be over this great people!"
          8 Then Hiram sent [a reply] to Solomon, saying, "I have heard your message; I will do everything you want regarding the cedar and cypress timber.
          9 My servants will bring [the logs] down from Lebanon to the sea, and I will make them into rafts to go by sea to the place you indicate. I will break them apart there, and you can take them away. You then can meet my needs by providing my household with food."
          10 So Hiram provided Solomon with all the cedar and cypress timber he wanted,
          11 and Solomon provided Hiram with 100,000 bushelsc of wheat as food for his household and 110,000 gallonsd of beaten oil. Solomon did this for Hiram year after year.

          References for 1 Kings 5:11

            • c 5:11 - Lit 20,000 cors
            • d 5:11 - LXX reads 20,000 baths; MT reads 20 cors
              12 The Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as He had promised him. There was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty.e

              References for 1 Kings 5:12

                • e 5:12 - 2 Ch 2:1-16

                  Solomon's Work Force

                  13 Then King Solomon drafted forced laborers from all Israel;f the labor force numbered 30,000 men.

                  References for 1 Kings 5:13

                    • f 5:13 - 1 Sm 8:10-18
                      14 He sent 10,000 to Lebanon each month in shifts; one month they were in Lebanon, two months they were at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.g

                      References for 1 Kings 5:14

                          15 Solomon had 70,000 porters and 80,000 stonecutters in the mountains,
                          16 not including his 3,300h deputies in charge of the work. They ruled over the people doing the work.

                          References for 1 Kings 5:16

                            • h 5:16 - Some LXX mss read 3,600; 2 Ch 2:2,18
                              17 The king commanded them to quarry large, costly stones to lay the foundation of the temple with dressed stones.
                              18 So Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders, along with the Gebalites, quarried [the stone] and prepared the timber and stone for the temple's construction.