1 Kings 7 CSB

Solomon's Palace Complex

1 Solomon completed his entire palace-complex after 13 years of construction.

References for 1 Kings 7:1

      2 He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon. It was 150 feeta long, 75 feetb wide, and 45 feetc high on four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams on top of the pillars.

      References for 1 Kings 7:2

        • a 7:2 - Lit 100 cubits
        • b 7:2 - Lit 50 cubits
        • c 7:2 - Lit 30 cubits
          3 It was paneled above with cedar at the top of the chambers that [rested] on 45 pillars, fifteen per row.
          4 There were three rows of window frames, facing each otherd in three tiers.e

          References for 1 Kings 7:4

            • d 7:4 - Lit frames, window to window
            • e 7:4 - Lit three times; at 3 different places
              5 All the doors and doorposts had rectangular frames, the openings facing each otherf in three tiers.g

              References for 1 Kings 7:5

                • f 7:5 - Lit frames, opposing window to window
                • g 7:5 - Lit three times; at 3 different places
                  6 He made the hall of pillars 75 feeth long and 45 feeti wide. A portico was in front of the pillars, and a canopy with pillarsj was in front of them.

                  References for 1 Kings 7:6

                    • h 7:6 - Lit 50 cubits
                    • i 7:6 - Lit 30 cubits
                    • j 7:6 - Hb obscure
                      7 He made the Hall of the Throne where he would judge-the Hall of Judgment. It was paneled with cedar from the floor to the rafters.k

                      References for 1 Kings 7:7

                        • k 7:7 - Syr, Vg; Hb reads floor
                          8 Solomon's own palace where he would live, in the other courtyard behind the hall, was of similar construction. And he made a house like this hall for Pharaoh's daughter, his wife.lm

                          References for 1 Kings 7:8

                            • l 7:8 - Lit daughter he had taken
                            • m 7:8 - 1 Kg 3:1
                              9 All of these [buildings] were of costly stones, cut to size and sawed with saws on the inner and outer surfaces, from foundation to coping and from the outside to the great courtyard.
                              10 The foundation was made of large, costly stones 12 and 15 feet long.n

                              References for 1 Kings 7:10

                                • n 7:10 - Lit ten cubits and eight cubits
                                  11 Above were also costly stones, cut to size, as well as cedar wood.
                                  12 Around the great courtyard, as well as the inner courtyard of the Lord's temple and the portico of the temple, were three rows of dressed stone and a row of trimmed cedar beams.o

                                  References for 1 Kings 7:12

                                    • o 7:12 - 1 Kg 6:36
                                      13 King Solomon had Hiramp brought from Tyre.

                                      References for 1 Kings 7:13

                                        • p 7:13 - Huram in 2 Ch 2:13; here not the king of Tyre (1 Kg 5:1)
                                          14 He was a widow's son from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a bronze craftsman. Hiram had great skill, understanding, and knowledge to do every kind of bronze work. So he came to King Solomon and carried out all his work.q

                                          References for 1 Kings 7:14

                                            • q 7:14 - 2 Ch 3:13-14

                                              The Bronze Pillars

                                              15 He cast two [hollow] bronze pillars: each 27 feetr high and 18 feets in circumference.t

                                              References for 1 Kings 7:15

                                                • r 7:15 - Lit 18 cubits
                                                • s 7:15 - Lit 12 cubits
                                                • t 7:15 - LXX adds and the thickness of the pillar was four fingers hollowed and similarly the second pillar
                                                  16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on top of the pillars; seven and a half feetu was the height of the first capital, and seven and a half feetv was also the height of the second capital.

                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:16

                                                    • u 7:16 - Lit five cubits
                                                    • v 7:16 - Lit five cubits
                                                      17 The capitals on top of the pillars had gratings of latticework, wreathsw made of chainwork-seven for the first capital and seven for the second.

                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:17

                                                        • w 7:17 - Lit tassels
                                                          18 He made the pillars with two encircling rows of pomegranates on the one grating to cover the capital on top; he did the same for the second capital.
                                                          19 And the capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were shaped like lilies, six feetx [high].

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:19

                                                            • x 7:19 - Lit four cubits
                                                              20 The capitals on the two pillars were also immediately above the rounded surface next to the grating, and 200 pomegranates were in rows encircling eachy capital.

                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:20

                                                                • y 7:20 - Lit encircling the second
                                                                  21 He set up the pillars at the portico of the sanctuary: he set up the right pillar and named it Jachin;z then he set up the left pillar and named it Boaz.{

                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:21

                                                                    • z 7:21 - He will establish
                                                                    • { 7:21 - In Him is strength
                                                                      22 The tops of the pillars were shaped like lilies. Then the work of the pillars was completed.|

                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:22

                                                                        • | 7:22 - 2 Kg 25:17; 2 Ch 3:15-17; Jr 52:21-23

                                                                          The Reservoir

                                                                          23 He made the cast [metal] reservoir,} 15 feet~ from brim to brim, perfectly round. It was seven and a half feet high and 45 feet€ in circumference.

                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:23

                                                                            • } 7:23 - Lit sea
                                                                            • ~ 7:23 - Lit 10 cubits
                                                                            •  7:23 - Lit five cubits
                                                                            • € 7:23 - Lit 30 cubits
                                                                              24 [Ornamental] gourds encircled it below the brim, 10 every half yard, completely encircling the reservoir. The gourds were cast in two rows when the reservoir was cast.

                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:24

                                                                                •  7:24 - Lit 10 per cubit
                                                                                  25 It stood on 12 oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The reservoir was on top of them and all their hindquarters were toward the center.
                                                                                  26 The reservoir was three inches‚ thick, and its rim was fashioned like the brim of a cup or of a lily blossom. It held 11,000 gallons.ƒ„

                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:26

                                                                                    • ‚ 7:26 - Lit a handbreadth
                                                                                    • ƒ 7:26 - Lit 2,000 baths
                                                                                    • „ 7:26 - 2 Ch 4:2-5

                                                                                      The Bronze Water Carts

                                                                                      27 Then he made 10 bronze water carts.… Each water cart was six feet† long, six feet‡ wide, and four and a half feetˆ high.

                                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:27

                                                                                        • … 7:27 - Lit bronze stands
                                                                                        • † 7:27 - Lit four cubits
                                                                                        • ‡ 7:27 - Lit four cubits
                                                                                        • ˆ 7:27 - Lit three cubits
                                                                                          28 This was the design of the carts: They had frames; the frames were between the cross-pieces,
                                                                                          29 and on the frames between the cross-pieces were lions, oxen, and cherubim. On the cross-pieces there was a pedestal above, and below the lions and oxen were wreaths of hanging‰ work.

                                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:29

                                                                                            • ‰ 7:29 - Or hammered-down
                                                                                              30 Each cart had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. Underneath the four corners of the basin were cast supports, each next to a wreath.
                                                                                              31 And the water cart's opening inside the crown on top was 18 inchesŠ wide. The opening was round, made as a pedestal 27 inches‹ wide. On it were carvings, but their frames were square, not round.

                                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:31

                                                                                                • Š 7:31 - Lit a cubit
                                                                                                • ‹ 7:31 - Lit one and a half cubits
                                                                                                  32 There were four wheels under the frames, and the wheel axles were part of the water cart; each wheel was 27 inchesΠtall.

                                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:32

                                                                                                    • Œ 7:32 - Lit was one and a half cubits
                                                                                                      33 The wheels' design was similar to that of chariot wheels: their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of cast metal.
                                                                                                      34 Four supports were at the four corners of each water cart; each support was one piece with the water cart.
                                                                                                      35 At the top of the cart was a band nine inches high encircling it; also, at the top of the cart, its braces and its frames were one piece with it.

                                                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:35

                                                                                                        •  7:35 - Lit half a cubit
                                                                                                          36 He engraved cherubim, lions, and palm trees on the plates of its braces and on its frames, wherever each had space, with encircling wreaths.
                                                                                                          37 In this way he made the 10 water carts using the same casting, dimensions, and shape for all of them.

                                                                                                          Bronze Basins and Other Utensils

                                                                                                          38 Then he made 10 bronze basins-each basin holding 220 gallonsŽ and each was six feet wide-one basin for each of the 10 water carts.

                                                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:38

                                                                                                            • Ž 7:38 - Lit 40 baths
                                                                                                            •  7:38 - Lit four cubits
                                                                                                              39 He set five water carts on the right side of the temple and five on the left side. He put the reservoir near the right side of the temple toward the southeast.‘

                                                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:39

                                                                                                                •  7:39 - 2 Ch 4:6
                                                                                                                • ‘ 7:39 - 1 Kg 7:23; 2 Ch 4:10
                                                                                                                  40 Then Hiram made the basins, the shovels, and the sprinkling basins.’ So Hiram finished all the work that he was doing for King Solomon on the Lord's temple:

                                                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:40

                                                                                                                    • ’ 7:40 - 2 Ch 4:11

                                                                                                                      Completion of the Bronze Works

                                                                                                                      41 two pillars;“ bowls for the capitals that were on top of the two pillars; the two gratings for covering both bowls of the capitals that were on top of the pillars;”

                                                                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:41

                                                                                                                        • “ 7:41 - 1 Kg 7:15
                                                                                                                        • ” 7:41 - 1 Kg 7:17
                                                                                                                          42 the 400 pomegranates for the two gratings (two rows of pomegranates for each grating covering both capitals' bowls on top of the pillars);•

                                                                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:42

                                                                                                                            • • 7:42 - 1 Kg 7:20
                                                                                                                              43 the 10 water carts;– the 10 basins on the water carts;—

                                                                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:43

                                                                                                                                • – 7:43 - 1 Kg 7:27
                                                                                                                                • — 7:43 - 1 Kg 7:38
                                                                                                                                  44 the reservoir;˜ the 12 oxen underneath the reservoir;™

                                                                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:44

                                                                                                                                    • ˜ 7:44 - 1 Kg 7:23
                                                                                                                                    • ™ 7:44 - 1 Kg 7:25
                                                                                                                                      45 and the pots, shovels, and sprinkling basins. All the utensils that Hiram made for King Solomon at the Lord's temple [were made] of burnished bronze.
                                                                                                                                      46 The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan.š

                                                                                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:46

                                                                                                                                        • š 7:46 - 1 Kg 4:12
                                                                                                                                          47 Solomon left all the utensils unweighed because there were so many; the weight of the bronze was not determined.›

                                                                                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:47

                                                                                                                                            • › 7:47 - 2 Ch 4:11-18

                                                                                                                                              Completion of the Gold Furnishings

                                                                                                                                              48 Solomon also made all the equipment in the Lord's temple: the gold altar; the gold table that the bread of the Presence was placed on;œ

                                                                                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:48

                                                                                                                                                • œ 7:48 - Lv 24:5-9
                                                                                                                                                  49 the pure gold lampstands in front of the inner sanctuary, five on the right and five on the left; the gold flowers, lamps, and tongs;

                                                                                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:49

                                                                                                                                                    •  7:49 - 2 Ch 4:7
                                                                                                                                                      50 the pure gold ceremonial bowls, wick trimmers, sprinkling basins, ladles,ž and firepans; and the gold hinges for the doors of the inner temple (that is, the most holy place) and for the doors of the temple sanctuary.

                                                                                                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:50

                                                                                                                                                        • ž 7:50 - Or dishes, or spoons; lit palms
                                                                                                                                                          51 So all the work King Solomon did in the Lord's temple was completed. Then Solomon brought in the consecrated things of his father DavidŸ-the silver, the gold, and the utensils-and put them in the treasuries of the Lord's temple. 

                                                                                                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:51

                                                                                                                                                            • Ÿ 7:51 - 2 Sm 8:11
                                                                                                                                                            •   7:51 - 2 Ch 4:19-5:1