Genesis 42 CSB

Joseph's Brothers in Egypt

1 When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt, he said to his sons, "Why do you keep looking at each other?

References for Genesis 42:1

      2 Listen," he went on, "I have heard there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us so that we will live and not die."
      3 So 10 of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.
      4 But Jacob did not send Joseph's brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he thought, "Something might happen to him."
      5 The sons of Israel were among those who came to buy grain, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
      6 Joseph was in charge of the country; he sold grain to all its people. His brothers came and bowed down before him with their faces to the ground.
      7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he treated them like strangers and spoke harshly to them. "Where do you come from?" he asked. "From the land of Canaan to buy food," they replied.
      8 Although Joseph recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him.
      9 Joseph remembered his dreams about thema and said to them, "You are spies. You have come to see the weaknessb of the land."

      References for Genesis 42:9

        • a 42:9 - Gn 37:5-11
        • b 42:9 - Lit nakedness
          10 "No, my lord. Your servants have come to buy food," they said.
          11 "We are all sons of one man. We are honest; your servants are not spies."
          12 "No," he said to them. "You have come to see the weakness of the land."
          13 But they replied, "We, your servants, were 12 brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is nowc with our father, and one is no longer living."

          References for Genesis 42:13

              14 Then Joseph said to them, "I have spoken:d 'You are spies!'

              References for Genesis 42:14

                • d 42:14 - Lit "That which I spoke to you saying
                  15 This is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives, you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.
                  16 Send one of your number to get your brother. The rest of you will be imprisoned so that your words can be tested to see if they are true. If they are not, then as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!"
                  17 So Joseph imprisoned them together for three days.
                  18 On the third day Joseph said to them, "I fear God-do this and you will live.
                  19 If you are honest men, let one of youe be confined to the guardhouse, while the rest of you go and take grain [to relieve] the hunger of your households.

                  References for Genesis 42:19

                    • e 42:19 - Lit your brothers
                      20 Bring your youngest brother to me so that your words can be confirmed; then you won't die." And they consented to this.
                      21 Then they said to each other, "It is plain that we are being punished for what we did to our brother. We saw his deep distress when he pleaded with us, but we would not listen. That is why this trouble has come to us."f

                      References for Genesis 42:21

                          22 But Reuben replied: "Didn't I tell you not to harm the boy?g But you wouldn't listen. Now we must account for his blood!"h

                          References for Genesis 42:22

                            • g 42:22 - Gn 37:22
                            • h 42:22 - Lit Even his blood is being sought
                              23 They did not realize that Joseph understood them, since there was an interpreter between them.
                              24 He turned away from them and wept. Then he turned back and spoke to them. He took Simeon from them and had him bound before their eyes.
                              25 Joseph then gave orders to fill their containers with grain, return each man's money to his sack, and give them provisions for their journey. This order was carried out.
                              26 They loaded the grain on their donkeys and left there.

                              The Brothers Return Home

                              27 At the place where they lodged for the night, one of them opened his sack to get feed for his donkey, and he saw his money there at the top of the bag.

                              References for Genesis 42:27

                                  28 He said to his brothers, "My money has been returned! It's here in my bag." Their hearts sank. Trembling, they turned to one another and said, "What is this that God has done to us?"
                                  29 When they reached their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them:
                                  30 "The man who is the lord of the country spoke harshly to us and accused us of spying on the country.
                                  31 But we told him: We are honest men and not spies.
                                  32 We were 12 brothers, sons of the samei father. One is no longer living, and the youngest is nowj with our father in the land of Canaan.

                                  References for Genesis 42:32

                                      33 The man who is the lord of the country said to us, 'This is how I will know if you are honest men: Leave one brother with me, take [food to relieve] the hunger of your households, and go.
                                      34 Bring back your youngest brother to me, and I will know that you are not spies but honest men. I will then give your brother back to you, and you can trade in the country.' "
                                      35 As they began emptying their sacks, there in each man's sack was his bag of money! When they and their father saw their bags of money, they were afraid.
                                      36 Their father Jacob said to them, "You have deprived me of my sons. Joseph is gone and Simeon is gone. Now you want to take Benjamin. Everything happens to me!"
                                      37 Then Reuben said to his father, "You can kill my two sons if I don't bring him back to you. Put him in my care,k and I will return him to you."

                                      References for Genesis 42:37

                                          38 But Jacob answered, "My son will not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. If anything happens to him on your journey, you will bring my gray hairs down to Sheol in sorrow."