Jacob's Last Words

1 Then Jacob called his sons and said, "Gather around, and I will tell you what will happen to you in the days to come.a

References for Genesis 49:1

    • a 49:1 - Or in the last days
      2 Come together and listen, sons of Jacob; listen to your father Israel:
      3 Reuben, you are my firstborn, my strength and the firstfruits of my virility, excelling in prominence, excelling in power.
      4 Turbulent as water, you will no longer excel, because you got into your father's bedb and you defiled it-hec got into my bed.

      References for Genesis 49:4

        • b 49:4 - Gn 35:22
        • c 49:4 - LXX, Syr, Tg read you
          5 Simeon and Levi are brothers; their knives are vicious weapons.d

          References for Genesis 49:5

              6 May I never enter their council; may I never join their assembly. For in their anger they kill men, and on a whim they hamstring oxen.
              7 Their anger is cursed, for it is strong, and their fury, for it is cruel! I will disperse them throughout Jacob and scatter them throughout Israel.
              8 Judah, your brothers will praise you. Your hand will be on the necks of your enemies; your father's sons will bow down to you.
              9 Judah is a young lion- my son, you return from the kill- he crouches; he lies down like a lion and like a lioness-who wants to rouse him?
              10 The scepter will not depart from Judah, or the staff from between his feet, until He whose right it is comese f and the obedience of the peoples belongs to Him.

              References for Genesis 49:10

                • e 49:10 - Or until tribute comes to him, or until Shiloh comes, or until He comes to Shiloh
                • f 49:10 - Ps 60:7; 108:8; Ezk 21:27
                  11 He ties his donkey to a vine, and the colt of his donkey to the choice vine. He washes his clothes in wine, and his robes in the blood of grapes.
                  12 His eyes are darker than wine, and his teeth are whiter than milk.
                  13 Zebulun will live by the seashore and will be a harbor for ships, and his territory will be next to Sidon.g

                  References for Genesis 49:13

                      14 Issachar is a strong donkey lying down between the saddlebags.h

                      References for Genesis 49:14

                        • h 49:14 - Or sheepfolds
                          15 He saw that his resting place was good and that the land was pleasant, so he leaned his shoulder to bear a load and became a forced laborer.
                          16 Dan will judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.
                          17 He will be a snake by the road, a viper beside the path, that bites the horses' heels so that its rider falls backwards.
                          18 I wait for Your salvation, Lord.
                          19 Gad will be attacked by [marauding] bands, but he will attack their heels.
                          20 Asher'si food will be rich, and he will produce royal delicacies.

                          References for Genesis 49:20

                            • i 49:20 - LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads their heel. 20 From Asher
                              21 Naphtali is a doe set free that bears beautiful fawns.
                              22 Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine beside a spring; its branchesj climb over the wall.k

                              References for Genesis 49:22

                                  23 The archers attacked him, shot at him, and were hostile toward him.
                                  24 Yet his bow remained steady, and his strongl arms were made agile by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, by the name ofm the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,

                                  References for Genesis 49:24

                                    • l 49:24 - Lit and the hands of his
                                    • m 49:24 - Syr, Tg; MT reads Jacob, from there
                                      25 by the God of your father who helps you, and by the Almighty who blesses you with blessings of the heavens above, blessings of the deep that lies below, and blessings of the breasts and the womb.
                                      26 The blessings of your father excel the blessings of my ancestorsn ando the bounty of the eternal hills.p May they rest on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the prince of his brothers.

                                      References for Genesis 49:26

                                          27 Benjamin is a wolf; he tears [his prey]. In the morning he devours the prey, and in the evening he divides the plunder."
                                          28 These are the tribes of Israel, 12 in all, and this was what their father said to them. He blessed them, and he blessed each one with a suitable blessing.

                                          Jacob's Burial Instructions

                                          29 Then he commanded them: "I am about to be gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite.

                                          References for Genesis 49:29

                                              30 The cave is in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre, in the land of Canaan. This is the field Abraham purchased from Ephron the Hittite as a burial site.
                                              31 Abraham and his wife Sarah are buried there, Isaac and his wife Rebekah are buried there, and I buried Leah there.
                                              32 The field and the cave in it [were purchased] from the Hittites."
                                              33 When Jacob had finished instructing his sons, he drew his feet into the bed and died. He was gathered to his people.