Ephraim chases the wind and pursues the east wind. He continually multiplies lies and violence. He makes a covenant with Assyria, and olive oil is carried to Egypt.
References for Hosea 12:1
The Lord also has a dispute with Judah. He is about to punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him based on his actions.
In the womb he grasped his brother's heel, and as an adult he wrestled with God.
References for Hosea 12:3
Jacob struggled with the Angel and prevailed; he wept and sought His favor. He found him at Bethel, and there He spoke with him.
References for Hosea 12:4
Yahweh is the God of Hosts; Yahweh is His name.
But you must return to your God. Maintain love and justice, and always put your hope in God.
A merchant loves to extort with dishonest scales in his hands.
But Ephraim says: "How rich I have become; I made it all myself. In all my earnings, no one can find any crime in me that I can be punished for!"
References for Hosea 12:8