Job 20 CSB

Zophar Speaks

1 Then Zophar the Naamathitea replied:

References for Job 20:1

    • a 20:1 - Jb 2:11; 11:1
      2 This is why my unsettling thoughts compel me to answer, because I am upset!b

      References for Job 20:2

        • b 20:2 - Lit because of my feeling within me
          3 I have heard a rebuke that insults me, and my understandingc makes me reply.d

          References for Job 20:3

            • c 20:3 - Lit and a spirit from my understanding
            • d 20:3 - Jb 19:3; 34:16
              4 Don't you know that ever since antiquity, from [the time] man was placed on earth,e

              References for Job 20:4

                • e 20:4 - Gn 1:26-28; Dt 4:32
                  5 the joy of the wicked has been brief and the happiness of the godless has lasted only a moment?f

                  References for Job 20:5

                    • f 20:5 - Jb 27:8; Ps 75:4; 92:7
                      6 Though his arrogance reaches heaven, and his head touches the clouds,g

                      References for Job 20:6

                        • g 20:6 - Gn 11:4; Isa 14:13-14; Mt 11:23
                          7 he will vanish forever like his own dung. Those who knowh him will ask, "Where is he?"

                          References for Job 20:7

                            • h 20:7 - Lit have seen
                              8 He will fly away like a dream and never be found; he will be chased away like a vision in the night.i

                              References for Job 20:8

                                • i 20:8 - Ps 73:20; 90:9; Ec 6:12
                                  9 The eye that saw him will see [him] no more, and his household will no longer see him.
                                  10 His children will beg fromj the poor, for his own hands must give back his wealth.

                                  References for Job 20:10

                                    • j 20:10 - Or children must compensate
                                      11 His bones may be full of youthful vigor, but it will lie down with him in the grave.k

                                      References for Job 20:11

                                        • k 20:11 - Jb 17:16; Ps 89:44
                                          12 Though evil tastes sweet in his mouth and he conceals it under his tongue,
                                          13 though he cherishes it and will not let it go but keeps it in his mouth,l

                                          References for Job 20:13

                                            • l 20:13 - Ps 10:7; Pr 9:17
                                              14 yet the food in his stomach turns into cobras' venom inside him.
                                              15 He swallows wealth but must vomit it up; God will force it from his stomach.
                                              16 He will suck the poison of cobras; a viper's fangsm will kill him.n

                                              References for Job 20:16

                                                • m 20:16 - Lit tongue
                                                • n 20:16 - Dt 32:33; Isa 59:5
                                                  17 He will not enjoy the streams, the rivers flowing with honey and cream.o

                                                  References for Job 20:17

                                                    • o 20:17 - Jb 29:6; Dt 32:13; Ps 65:9
                                                      18 He must return the fruit of his labor without consuming [it]; he doesn't enjoy the profits from his trading.p

                                                      References for Job 20:18

                                                          19 For he oppressed and abandoned the poor; he seized a house he did not build.q

                                                          References for Job 20:19

                                                            • q 20:19 - Dt 28:30; Ps 109:16; Isa 5:8
                                                              20 Because his appetite is never satisfied,r he does not escape hiss desires.

                                                              References for Job 20:20

                                                                • r 20:20 - Lit Because he does not know ease in his stomach
                                                                • s 20:20 - Or satisfied he will not save what he
                                                                  21 Nothing is left for him to consume;t therefore, his prosperity will not last.u

                                                                  References for Job 20:21

                                                                    • t 20:21 - Pr 21:25-26; Isa 56:11; Hab 3:17-18
                                                                    • u 20:21 - Ps 112:10; Pr 10:28; 11:7
                                                                      22 At the height of his successv distress will come to him; the full weight of miseryw will crush him.x

                                                                      References for Job 20:22

                                                                        • v 20:22 - Lit In the fullness of his excess
                                                                        • w 20:22 - Some Hb mss, LXX, Vg; other Hb mss read the hand of everyone in misery
                                                                        • x 20:22 - Jb 21:17,30; Jdg 2:15; Zph 1:17
                                                                          23 When he fills his stomach, God will send His burning anger against him, raining [it] down on himy while he is eating.z

                                                                          References for Job 20:23

                                                                            • y 20:23 - Gn 19:24; Ps 11:6; Lm 4:11; Ezk 5:13
                                                                            • z 20:23 - Text emended; MT reads him, against his flesh
                                                                              24 If he flees from an iron weapon, [an arrow from] a bronze bow will pierce him.
                                                                              25 He pulls it out of his back, the flashing tip out of his liver.{ Terrors come over him.

                                                                              References for Job 20:25

                                                                                • { 20:25 - Or gallbladder
                                                                                  26 Total darkness is reserved for his treasures. A fire unfanned [by human hands] will consume him;| it will feed on what is left in his tent.

                                                                                  References for Job 20:26

                                                                                    • | 20:26 - Ps 50:3; Rv 8:8; 16:8
                                                                                      27 The heavens will expose his iniquity, and the earth will rise up against him.}

                                                                                      References for Job 20:27

                                                                                        • } 20:27 - Dt 4:26; Ps 50:1-4
                                                                                          28 The possessions in his house will be removed, flowing away on the day of God's anger.
                                                                                          29 This is the wicked man's lot from God, the inheritance God ordained for him.~

                                                                                          References for Job 20:29

                                                                                            • ~ 20:29 - Jb 31:2-3; Ps 1:4-6; 17:14