John 1:4-14 CSB

4 Life was in Him,a and that life was the light of men.

References for John 1:4

    • d 1:4 - Other punctuation is possible: . . . not one thing was created. What was created in Him was life
      5 That light shines in the darkness, yet the darkness did not overcomeb it.

      References for John 1:5

        • e 1:5 - Or grasp, or comprehend, or overtake; Jn 12:35
          6 There was a man named John who was sent from God.
          7 He came as a witness to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him.c

          References for John 1:7

            • f 1:7 - Or through it (the light)
              8 He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light.
              9 The true light, who gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.d

              References for John 1:9

                • g 1:9 - Or The true light who comes into the world gives light to everyone, or The true light enlightens everyone coming into the world.
                  10 He was in the world, and the world was created through Him, yet the world did not recognize Him.
                  11 He came to His own,e and His own peoplef did not receive Him.

                  References for John 1:11

                    • h 1:11 - The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
                    • i 1:11 - The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
                      12 But to all who did receive Him, He gave them the right to beg children of God, to those who believe in His name,

                      References for John 1:12

                        • j 1:12 - Or become
                          13 who were born, not of blood,h or of the will of the flesh, or of the will of man,i but of God.

                          References for John 1:13

                            • k 1:13 - Lit bloods; the pl form of blood occurs only here in the NT. It may refer either to lineal descent (that is, blood from one's father and mother) or to the OT sacrificial system (that is, the various blood sacrifices). Neither is the basis for birth into the family of God.
                            • l 1:13 - Or not of human lineage, or of human capacity, or of human volition
                              14 The Word became fleshj and took up residencek among us. We observed His glory, the glory as the One and Only Sonl from the Father, full of grace and truth.

                              References for John 1:14

                                • m 1:14 - The eternally existent Word (vv. 1-2) took on full humanity, but without sin; Heb 4:15.
                                • n 1:14 - Lit and tabernacled, or and dwelt in a tent; this word occurs only here in John. A related word, referring to the Festival of Tabernacles, occurs only in 7:2; Ex 40:34-38.
                                • o 1:14 - Son is implied from the reference to the Father and from Gk usage.