This was to teach the future generations of the Israelites [how to fight in] battle, especially those who had not fought before.a3
[These nations included:] the five rulers of the Philistines and all of the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites who lived in the Lebanese mountainsb from Mount Baal-hermon as far as the entrance to Hamath.c4
The Lord left them to test Israel, to determine if they would keep the Lord's commands He had given their fathers throughd Moses.e5
But they settled among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
The Israelites took their daughters as wives for themselves, gave their own daughters to their sons, and worshiped their gods.f
The Israelites did what was evil in the Lord's sight; they forgot the Lord their God and worshiped the Baals and the Asherahs.
The Lord's anger burned against Israel, and He sold them tog Cushan-rishathaimh king of Aram of the Two Rivers,ijand the Israelites served him eight years.
The Israelites cried out to the Lord. So the Lord raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's youngest brotherk as a deliverer to save the Israelites.
The Spirit of the Lord was on him, and he judged Israel. Othniel went out to battle, and the Lord handed over Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram to him, so that Othniel overpowered him.
Then the land was peacefull 40 years, and Othniel son of Kenaz died.