Judges 3:2-12 CSB

2 This was to teach the future generations of the Israelites [how to fight in] battle, especially those who had not fought before.a

References for Judges 3:2

    • c 3:2 - Lit not known it
      3 [These nations included:] the five rulers of the Philistines and all of the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites who lived in the Lebanese mountainsb from Mount Baal-hermon as far as the entrance to Hamath.c

      References for Judges 3:3

        • d 3:3 - LXX reads in Lebanon, without reference to mountains
        • e 3:3 - Or as Lebo-hamath
          4 The Lord left them to test Israel, to determine if they would keep the Lord's commands He had given their fathers throughd Moses.e

          References for Judges 3:4

            • f 3:4 - Lit by the hand of
            • g 3:4 - Jdg 3:4; 1 Kg 8:58; 2 Kg 17:13; Ps 78:5; Jr 11:4
              5 But they settled among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
              6 The Israelites took their daughters as wives for themselves, gave their own daughters to their sons, and worshiped their gods.f

              References for Judges 3:6

                • h 3:6 - Ex 23:33; Dt 7:16

                  Othniel, the First Judge

                  7 The Israelites did what was evil in the Lord's sight; they forgot the Lord their God and worshiped the Baals and the Asherahs.

                  References for Judges 3:7

                      8 The Lord's anger burned against Israel, and He sold them tog Cushan-rishathaimh king of Aram of the Two Rivers,ijand the Israelites served him eight years.

                      References for Judges 3:8

                        • i 3:8 - Lit into the hand of
                        • j 3:8 - Lit Doubly-Evil
                        • k 3:8 - Or Aram-naharaim; Mesopotamia
                        • l 3:8 - Gn 24:10; Dt 23:4; 1 Ch 19:6; Ps 60 title
                          9 The Israelites cried out to the Lord. So the Lord raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's youngest brotherk as a deliverer to save the Israelites.

                          References for Judges 3:9

                            • m 3:9 - Jdg 1:13
                              10 The Spirit of the Lord was on him, and he judged Israel. Othniel went out to battle, and the Lord handed over Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram to him, so that Othniel overpowered him.
                              11 Then the land was peacefull 40 years, and Othniel son of Kenaz died.

                              References for Judges 3:11

                                • n 3:11 - Jdg 3:30; 5:31; 8:28; 2 Ch 14:1,5-6


                                  12 The Israelites again did what was evil in the Lord's sight. He gave Eglon king of Moab power over Israel, because they had done what was evil in the Lord's sight.

                                  References for Judges 3:12