Leviticus 5:1-13 CSB

Cases Requiring Sin Offerings

1 "When someone sins [in any of these ways]: [If] he has seen, heard, or known about something he has witnessed, and did not respond to a public call to testify, he is guilty.a

References for Leviticus 5:1

    • a 5:1 - Pr 29:24
      2 Or [if] someone touches anything unclean-a carcass of an unclean wild animal, or unclean livestock, or an unclean swarming creatureb c-without being aware of it, he is unclean and guilty.

      References for Leviticus 5:2

        • b 5:2 - a fish, insect, rodent, or reptile; Lv 11:20-23,29-31; Gn 1:20
        • c 5:2 - Lv 11:24-40; Dt 14:8
          3 Or [if] he touches human uncleannessd-any uncleanness by which one can become defiled-without being aware of it, but [later] recognizes [it], he is guilty.

          References for Leviticus 5:3

            • d 5:3 - Lv 12:2; 15:2,19; 18:19
              4 Or [if] someone swears rashly to do what is good or evil-concerning anything a person may speak rashly in an oathe-without being aware of it, but [later] recognizes it, he incurs guilt in such an instance.f

              References for Leviticus 5:4

                • e 5:4 - Nm 30:2; Dt 23:21-22; Ec 5:5
                • f 5:4 - Lit in one of such things
                  5 If someone incurs guilt in one of these cases, he is to confess he has committed that sin.
                  6 He must bring his restitution for the sin he has committed to the Lord: a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement on his behalf for his sin.g

                  References for Leviticus 5:6

                    • g 5:6 - Lv 1:4; 4:20,31,35; 6:7
                      7 "But if he cannot afford an animal from the flock, then he may bring to the Lord two turtledoves or two young pigeons as restitution for his sin-one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering.
                      8 He is to bring them to the priest, who will first present the one for the sin offering. He must twist its head at the back of the neck without severing [it].h

                      References for Leviticus 5:8

                        • h 5:8 - Lv 1:15,17
                          9 Then he will sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, while the rest of the blood is to be drained out at the base of the altar;i it is a sin offering.

                          References for Leviticus 5:9

                            • i 5:9 - Lv 4:25,30
                              10 He must prepare the second [bird] as a burnt offering according to the regulation.j In this way the priest will make atonement on his behalf for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven.

                              References for Leviticus 5:10

                                • j 5:10 - Lv 1:14-17
                                  11 "But if he cannot affordk two turtledoves or two young pigeons, he may bring two quartsl of finem flourn as an offering for his sin. He must not put olive oil or frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.

                                  References for Leviticus 5:11

                                    • k 5:11 - Lit if his hand is not sufficient for
                                    • l 5:11 - Lit one-tenth of an ephah
                                    • m 5:11 - Or wheat; Ex 29:2
                                    • n 5:11 - Lit flour as a sin offering
                                      12 He is to bring it to the priest, who will take a handful from it as its memorial portion and burn [it] on the altar along with the fire offerings to the Lord; it is a sin offering.
                                      13 In this way the priest will make atonement on his behalf concerning the sin he has committed in any of these cases, and he will be forgiven. The rest will belong to the priest, like the grain offering."o

                                      References for Leviticus 5:13

                                        • o 5:13 - Lv 2:3,10