Israel Worships Baal

1 While Israel was staying in Acacia Grove,a b the people began to have sexual relations with the women of Moab.

References for Numbers 25:1

    • a 25:1 - Or in Shittim
    • b 25:1 - Nm 33:49; Jos 2:1; 3:1; Mc 6:5
      2 The women invited them to the sacrifices for their gods, and the people ate and bowed in worship to their gods.c

      References for Numbers 25:2

        • c 25:2 - Ex 34:15-16; 1 Co 10:8; Rv 2:14
          3 So Israel aligned itself with Baal of Peor,d and the Lord's anger burned against Israel.e

          References for Numbers 25:3

            • d 25:3 - Nm 23:28
            • e 25:3 - Dt 4:3; Ps 106:28-29; Hs 9:10
              4 The Lord said to Moses, "Take all the leaders of the people and executef them in broad daylight before the Lord so that His burning anger may turn away from Israel."

              References for Numbers 25:4

                • f 25:4 - Or impale, or hang, or expose; Hb obscure
                  5 So Moses told Israel's judges, "Kill each of the men who aligned themselves with Baal of Peor."

                  Phinehas Intervenes

                  6 An Israelite man came bringing a Midianite woman to his relatives in the sight of Moses and the whole Israelite community while they were weeping at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

                  References for Numbers 25:6

                      7 When Phinehas son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, saw [this], he got up from the assembly, took a spear in his hand,
                      8 followed the Israelite man into the tent,g and drove it through both the Israelite man and the woman-through her belly. Then the plague on the Israelites was stopped,

                      References for Numbers 25:8

                        • g 25:8 - Perhaps a tent shrine or bridal tent
                          9 but those who died in the plague numbered 24,000.h

                          References for Numbers 25:9

                            • h 25:9 - 1 Co 10:8
                              10 The Lord spoke to Moses,
                              11 "Phinehas son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned back My wrath from the Israelites because he was zealous among them with My zeal,i j so that I did not destroy the Israelites in My zeal.

                              References for Numbers 25:11

                                • i 25:11 - Or jealousy
                                • j 25:11 - Ex 34:14; Zch 8:2
                                  12 Therefore declare: I grant him My covenant of peace.k

                                  References for Numbers 25:12

                                    • k 25:12 - Isa 54:10; Ezk 34:25; 37:26; Mal 2:5
                                      13 It will be a covenant of perpetual priesthood for him and his descendants,l because he was zealous for his God and made atonement for the Israelites."

                                      References for Numbers 25:13

                                        • l 25:13 - Ex 40:15; Ps 106:30-31
                                          14 The name of the slain Israelite man, who was struck dead with the Midianite woman, was Zimri son of Salu, the leader of a Simeonite ancestral house.
                                          15 The name of the slain Midianite woman was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur, a tribal head of an ancestral house in Midian.

                                          Vengeance against the Midianites

                                          16 The Lord told Moses:

                                          References for Numbers 25:16

                                              17 "Attack the Midianites and strike them dead.
                                              18 For they attacked you with the treachery that they used against you in the Peor incident. They did the same in the case involving their sister Cozbi, daughter of the Midianite leader who was killed the day the plague came at Peor."