Psalm 68 CSB

God's Majestic Power

For the choir director. A Davidic psalm. A song.

1 God arises. His enemies scatter, and those who hate Him flee from His presence.a

References for Psalms 68:1

    • a 68:1 - Ps 7:6; Nm 10:35; Ezk 30:26
      2 As smoke is blown away, so You blow [them] away.b As wax melts before the fire, so the wicked are destroyed before God.

      References for Psalms 68:2

        • b 68:2 - Ps 37:20; Hs 13:3
          3 But the righteous are glad; they rejoice before God and celebrate with joy.c

          References for Psalms 68:3

            • c 68:3 - Ps 40:16; 64:10; 1 Sm 2:1; Isa 61:10
              4 Sing to God! Sing praises to His name.d Exalt Him who rides on the cloudse f- His name is Yahwehg-and rejoice before Him.

              References for Psalms 68:4

                • d 68:4 - Ps 7:17; 66:4; Ex 15:1-18
                • e 68:4 - Or rides through the desert
                • f 68:4 - Ps 18:10-11; Dt 33:26; Isa 19:1
                • g 68:4 - Lit Yah
                  5 A father of the fatherless and a champion of widowsh is God in His holy dwelling.

                  References for Psalms 68:5

                    • h 68:5 - Ps 146:9; Dt 24:17,19; Jr 22:3
                      6 God provides homes for those who are deserted. He leads out the prisoners to prosperity,i but the rebellious live in a scorched land.

                      References for Psalms 68:6

                        • i 68:6 - Or prisoners with joyous music; Hb uncertain
                          7 God, when You went out before Your people, when You marched through the desert, Selah
                          8 the earth trembled, and the skies poured down [rain] before God, the God of Sinai,j before God, the God of Israel.k

                          References for Psalms 68:8

                            • j 68:8 - Lit God, this Sinai
                            • k 68:8 - Ex 19:16-18; Jdg 5:4-5
                              9 You, God, showered abundant rain;l You revived Your inheritance when it languished.

                              References for Psalms 68:9

                                • l 68:9 - Ps 65:9-13
                                  10 Your people settled in it; by Your goodness You provided for the poor, God.
                                  11 The Lord gave the command; a great company of women brought the good news:m

                                  References for Psalms 68:11

                                      12 "The kings of the armies flee-they flee!" She who stays at home divides the spoil.
                                      13 Whilen you lie among the sheepfolds,o p the wings of a dove are covered with silver, and its feathers with glistening gold.

                                      References for Psalms 68:13

                                        • n 68:13 - Or If
                                        • o 68:13 - Or campfires, or saddlebags; Hb obscure
                                        • p 68:13 - Gn 49:14; Jdg 5:16
                                          14 When the Almighty scattered kings in the land, it snowed on Zalmon.q

                                          References for Psalms 68:14

                                            • q 68:14 - Or Black Mountain
                                              15 Mount Bashan is God's towering mountain; Mount Bashan is a mountain of many peaks.
                                              16 Why gaze with envy, you mountain peaks, at the mountainr God desired for His dwelling?s The Lord will live [there] forever!

                                              References for Psalms 68:16

                                                • r 68:16 - Mount Zion
                                                • s 68:16 - Ps 48:1-2; 132:13-14; Isa 2:2-4
                                                  17 God's chariotst are tens of thousands, thousands and thousands; the Lord is among them in the sanctuaryu as He was at Sinai.v w

                                                  References for Psalms 68:17

                                                    • t 68:17 - Hab 3:8
                                                    • u 68:17 - Or in holiness
                                                    • v 68:17 - Some emend text to Lord came from Sinai into the holy place
                                                    • w 68:17 - Dt 33:2
                                                      18 You ascended to the heights, taking away captives; You received gifts fromx people, even from the rebellious, so that the Lord God might live [there].y z

                                                      References for Psalms 68:18

                                                        • x 68:18 - Lit among
                                                        • y 68:18 - Or even those rebelling against the Lord God's living there, or even rebels are living with the Lord God; Hb obscure
                                                        • z 68:18 - Dt 21:10; Eph 4:8
                                                          19 May the Lord be praised! Day after day He bears our burdens;{ God is our salvation. Selah

                                                          References for Psalms 68:19

                                                              20 Our God is a God of salvation, and escape from death belongs to the Lord God .
                                                              21 Surely God crushes the heads of His enemies, the hairy head of one who goes on in his guilty acts.
                                                              22 The Lord said, "I will bring [them] back from Bashan; I will bring [them] back from the depths of the sea
                                                              23 so that your foot may wade| in blood and your dogs' tongues may have their share from the enemies."}

                                                              References for Psalms 68:23

                                                                • | 68:23 - LXX, Syr read dip
                                                                • } 68:23 - 1 Kg 21:19; 22:38; 2 Kg 9:36
                                                                  24 People have seen Your procession,~ God, the procession of my God, my King, in the sanctuary.

                                                                  References for Psalms 68:24

                                                                    • ~ 68:24 - Ps 42:4; Isa 60:11
                                                                    •  68:24 - Or in holiness
                                                                      25 Singers€ lead the way, with musicians following; among them are young women playing tambourines.

                                                                      References for Psalms 68:25

                                                                        • € 68:25 - Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr read Officials
                                                                        •  68:25 - Jdg 11:34; 1 Sm 18:6; Jr 31:4
                                                                          26 Praise God in the assemblies; [praise] the Lord from the fountain of Israel.
                                                                          27 There is Benjamin, the youngest, leading them, the rulers of Judah in their assembly,‚ the rulers of Zebulun, the rulers of Naphtali.

                                                                          References for Psalms 68:27

                                                                              28 Your God has decreed your strength. Show Your strength, God, You who have acted on our behalf.
                                                                              29 Because of Your temple at Jerusalem, kings will bring tribute to You.ƒ

                                                                              References for Psalms 68:29

                                                                                • ƒ 68:29 - Isa 18:7; 66:20; Hg 2:7
                                                                                  30 Rebuke the beast„ in the reeds, the herd of bulls with the calves of the peoples. Trample underfoot those with bars of silver.… Scatter the peoples who take pleasure in war.

                                                                                  References for Psalms 68:30

                                                                                    • „ 68:30 - Probably Egypt
                                                                                    • … 68:30 - Or peoples, trampling on those who take pleasure in silver, or peoples, trampling on the bars of silver, or peoples, who trample each other for bars of silver
                                                                                      31 Ambassadors will come† from Egypt; Cush‡ will stretch out its handsˆ to God.

                                                                                      References for Psalms 68:31

                                                                                        • † 68:31 - Or They bring red cloth, or They bring bronze
                                                                                        • ‡ 68:31 - Modern Sudan
                                                                                        • ˆ 68:31 - Probably with tribute or in submission
                                                                                          32 Sing to God, you kingdoms of the earth; sing praise to the Lord, Selah
                                                                                          33 to Him who rides in the ancient, highest heavens.‰ Look, He thunders with His powerful voice!Š

                                                                                          References for Psalms 68:33

                                                                                            • ‰ 68:33 - Dt 33:26
                                                                                            • Š 68:33 - Ps 29:3-5; 46:6; Isa 30:30
                                                                                              34 Ascribe power to God. His majesty is over Israel, His power among the clouds.
                                                                                              35 God, You are awe-inspiring in Your sanctuaries. The God of Israel gives power and strength to His people.‹ May God be praised!

                                                                                              References for Psalms 68:35

                                                                                                • ‹ 68:35 - Ps 29:11; Isa 40:29