The Woman, the Child, and the Dragon

1 A great signa appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and a crown of 12 stars on her head.b

References for Revelation 12:1

    • a 12:1 - Or great symbolic display; see Rv 12:3
    • b 12:1 - Gn 37:9-10
      2 She was pregnant and cried out in labor and agony to give birth.
      3 Then another signc appeared in heaven: There was a great fiery red dragon having seven heads and 10 horns,d and on his heads were seven diadems.e

      References for Revelation 12:3

        • c 12:3 - Or another symbolic display
        • d 12:3 - Dn 7:7
        • e 12:3 - Or crowns
          4 His tail swept away a third of the stars in heaven and hurled them to the earth.f And the dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she did give birth he might devour her child.

          References for Revelation 12:4

              5 But she gave birth to a Son-a male who is going to shepherdg all nations with an iron scepterh-and her child was caught up to God and to His throne.

              References for Revelation 12:5

                • g 12:5 - Or rule
                • h 12:5 - Ps 2:7-9; Rv 19:15
                  6 The woman fled into the wilderness, where she had a place prepared by God,i to be fed therej for 1,260 days.k

                  References for Revelation 12:6

                    • i 12:6 - 1 Kg 19:3-8
                    • j 12:6 - Lit God, that they might feed her there
                    • k 12:6 - Dn 12:11; Rv 11:3; 12:14; 13:5

                      The Dragon Thrown Out of Heaven

                      7 Then war broke out in heaven: Michaell and his angels fought against the dragon. The dragon and his angels also fought,

                      References for Revelation 12:7

                        • l 12:7 - Dn 10:13,21; 12:1
                          8 but he could not prevail, and there was no place for them in heaven any longer.
                          9 So the great dragon was thrown out-the ancient serpent,m who is called the Deviln and Satan,o p the one who deceives the whole world.q He was thrown to earth, and his angels with him.

                          References for Revelation 12:9

                            • m 12:9 - Gn 3:1
                            • n 12:9 - Gk diabolos, meaning slanderer
                            • o 12:9 - Hb word meaning adversary
                            • p 12:9 - Lk 10:18; Rm 16:20; Rv 2:9; 3:9; 20:2,7
                            • q 12:9 - 1 Tm 5:15
                              10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: The salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Messiah have now come, because the accuserr of our brothers has been thrown out: the one who accuses them before our God day and night.

                              References for Revelation 12:10

                                • r 12:10 - Jb 1:9-11; Zch 3:1
                                  11 They conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they did not love their lives in the face of death.s

                                  References for Revelation 12:11

                                      12 Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the earth and the sea, for the Devil has come down to you with great fury, because he knows he has a short time.

                                      The Woman Persecuted

                                      13 When the dragon saw that he had been thrown to earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male.

                                      References for Revelation 12:13

                                          14 The woman was given two wings of a great eagle, so that she could fly from the serpent's presence to her place in the wilderness, where she was fed for a time, times, and half a time.t

                                          References for Revelation 12:14

                                            • t 12:14 - An expression occurring in Dn 7:25; 12:7 that means 3 1/2 years or 42 months (Rv 11:2; 13:5) or 1,260 days (Rv 11:3)
                                              15 From his mouth the serpent spewed water like a river after the woman, to sweep her away in a torrent.
                                              16 But the earth helped the woman: the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the river that the dragon had spewed from his mouth.
                                              17 So the dragon was furious with the woman and left to wage waru against the rest of her offspringv-those who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony about Jesus.w

                                              References for Revelation 12:17

                                                • u 12:17 - Rv 11:7; 13:7
                                                • v 12:17 - Or seed
                                                • w 12:17 - Rv 1:2,9; 19:10; 20:4
                                                  18 Hex stood on the sand of the sea.y

                                                  References for Revelation 12:18

                                                    • x 12:18 - Other mss read I. "He" is apparently a reference to the dragon.
                                                    • y 12:18 - Some translations put Rv 12:18 either in Rv 12:17 or Rv 13:1.