The New Creation

1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth,a for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea existed no longer.b

References for Revelation 21:1

    • a 21:1 - 2 Pt 3:13; Isaiah 65:17
    • b 21:1 - Rv 13:1
      2 I also saw the Holy City, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,c prepared like a bride adorned for her husband.d

      References for Revelation 21:2

        • c 21:2 - Gl 4:26; Heb 11:10; Rv 3:12
        • d 21:2 - Rv 19:7
          3 Then I heard a loud voice from the throne:e Look! God's dwellingf is with men, and He will live with them. They will be His people,g and God Himself will be with them and be their God.h

          References for Revelation 21:3

            • e 21:3 - Other mss read from heaven
            • f 21:3 - Or tent, or tabernacle
            • g 21:3 - Lv 26:11-12; Jr 31:33; Ezk 37:27; Zch 8:8
            • h 21:3 - Other mss omit and be their God
              4 He will wipe away every tear from their eyes.i Death will exist no longer;j grief, crying, and pain will exist no longer,k because the previous thingsl have passed away.m

              References for Revelation 21:4

                • i 21:4 - Isaiah 25:8
                • j 21:4 - Isaiah 25:8; 1 Co 15:54
                • k 21:4 - Isaiah 35:10; 65:19
                • l 21:4 - Or the first things
                • m 21:4 - Isaiah 42:9
                  5 Then the One seated on the throne said, "Look! I am making everything new." He also said, "Write, because these wordsn are faithful and true."o

                  References for Revelation 21:5

                    • n 21:5 - Other mss add of God
                    • o 21:5 - Rv 22:6
                      6 And He said to me, "It is done!p I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End.q I will give to the thirstyr from the spring of living water as a gift.s

                      References for Revelation 21:6

                        • p 21:6 - Rv 16:17
                        • q 21:6 - Isaiah 44:6; 48:12
                        • r 21:6 - Isaiah 55:1
                        • s 21:6 - Ps 36:9; Jr 2:13; Jn 4:14
                          7 The victort will inherit these things, and I will be his God, and he will be My son.u

                          References for Revelation 21:7

                              8 But the cowards, unbelievers,v vile, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars-their share will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur,w which is the second death."

                              References for Revelation 21:8

                                • v 21:8 - Other mss add the sinful
                                • w 21:8 - Rv 19:20

                                  The New Jerusalem

                                  9 Then one of the seven angels, who had held the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues,x came and spoke with me: "Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb."

                                  References for Revelation 21:9

                                      10 He then carried me away in the Spirity z to a great and high mountain{ and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,

                                      References for Revelation 21:10

                                          11 arrayed with God's glory.| Her radiance was like a very precious stone, like a jasper stone, bright as crystal.

                                          References for Revelation 21:11

                                            • | 21:11 - Isaiah 60:1-2
                                              12 [The city] had a massive high wall, with 12 gates. Twelve angels were at the gates; [on the gates], names were inscribed, the names of the 12 tribes of the sons of Israel.
                                              13 There were three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west.}

                                              References for Revelation 21:13

                                                  14 The city wall had 12 foundations, and on them were the 12 names of the Lamb's 12 apostles.
                                                  15 The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, its gates, and its wall.~

                                                  References for Revelation 21:15

                                                      16 The city is laid out in a square; its length and width are the same. He measured the city with the rod at 12,000 stadia. Its length, width, and height are equal.

                                                      References for Revelation 21:16

                                                        •  21:16 - A stadion (sg) equals about 600 feet; the total is about 1,400 miles.
                                                          17 Then he measured its wall, 144 cubits according to human measurement, which the angel used.
                                                          18 The building material of its wall was jasper, and the city was pure gold like clear glass.
                                                          19 The foundations of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone:€ the first foundation jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald,

                                                          References for Revelation 21:19

                                                              20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, the twelfth amethyst.
                                                              21 The 12 gates are 12 pearls; each individual gate was made of a single pearl. The broad street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

                                                              References for Revelation 21:21

                                                                •  21:21 - Or The public square
                                                                  22 I did not see a sanctuary in it, because the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its sanctuary.
                                                                  23 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, because God's glory illuminates it, and its lamp is the Lamb.‚

                                                                  References for Revelation 21:23

                                                                    • ‚ 21:23 - Isaiah 60:19-20
                                                                      24 The nationsƒ will walk in its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it.„ …

                                                                      References for Revelation 21:24

                                                                        • ƒ 21:24 - Other mss add of those who are saved
                                                                        • „ 21:24 - Other mss read will bring to Him the nations' glory and honor
                                                                        • … 21:24 - Isaiah 60:3,5
                                                                          25 Each day its gates will never close because it will never be night there.
                                                                          26 They will bring the glory and honor of the nations into it.† ‡

                                                                          References for Revelation 21:26

                                                                            • † 21:26 - Other mss add in order that they might go in
                                                                            • ‡ 21:26 - Isaiah 60:11
                                                                              27 Nothing profane will ever enter it: no one who does what is vile or false, but only those written in the Lamb's book of life.ˆ

                                                                              References for Revelation 21:27