Revelation 1:4-8 CSB

4 John: To the seven churches in the province of Asia.a Grace and peace to you fromb the One who is, who was, and who is coming; from the seven spiritsc d before His throne;

References for Revelation 1:4

    • j 1:4 - Lit churches in Asia; that is, the Roman province that is now a part of modern Turkey
    • k 1:4 - Other mss add God
    • l 1:4 - Or the sevenfold Spirit
    • m 1:4 - Rv 3:1; 4:5; 5:6
      5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and has set us freee from our sins by His blood,

      References for Revelation 1:5

        • n 1:5 - Other mss read has washed us
          6 and made us a kingdom,f priestsg to His God and Father-to Him be the glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.

          References for Revelation 1:6

            • o 1:6 - Other mss read kings and
            • p 1:6 - Or made us into (or to be) a kingdom of priests; see Ex 19:6
              7 Look! He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, including those who pierced h Him. And all the families of the earth i j will mourn over Him. k l This is certain. Amen.

              References for Revelation 1:7

                • q 1:7 - Or impaled
                • r 1:7 - Or All the tribes of the land
                • s 1:7 - Gn 12:3; 28:14; Zch 14:17
                • t 1:7 - Or will wail because of Him
                • u 1:7 - Dn 7:13; Zch 12:10
                  8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega,"m says the Lord God, "the One who is, who was, and who is coming, the Almighty."

                  References for Revelation 1:8

                    • v 1:8 - Isaiah 44:6