The duty of alms-giving, especially in kind, consisting chiefly in portions to be left designedly from produce of the field, the vineyard and the oliveyard, ( Leviticus 19:9 Leviticus 19:10 ; 23:22 ; 15:11 ; 24:19 ; 26:2-13 ; Ruth 2:2 ) is strictly enjoined by the law. Every third year also, ( 14:28 ) each proprietor was directed to share the tithe of his produce with "the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow." The theological estimate of alms-giving among the Jews is indicated in the following passages: ( Job 31:17 ; Proverbs 10:2 ; 11:4 ; Esther 9:22 ; Psalms 112:9 ; Acts 9:36 ) the case of Dorcas; ( Acts 10:2 ) of Cornelius; to which may be added Tobit 4:10,11; 14:10,11, and Ecclus. 3:30; 40:24. The Pharisees were zealous in almsgiving, but too ostentatious their mode of performance, for which our Lord finds fault with them. ( Matthew 6:2 ) The duty of relieving the poor was not neglected by the Christians. ( Matthew 6:1-4 ; Luke 14:13 ; Acts 20:35 ; Galatians 2:10 ) Regular proportionate giving was expected. ( Acts 11:30 ; Romans 15:25-27 ; 1 Corinthians 16:1-4 )
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Bibliography InformationSmith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Alms'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary".