The eastern oven is of two kinds --fixed and portable. The former is found only in towns, where regular bakers are employed. ( Hosea 7:4 ) The latter ia adapted to the nomad state, it consists of a large jar made of clay, about three feet high and widening toward the bottom, with a hole for the extraction of the ashes. Each household possessed such an article, ( Exodus 8:3 ) and it was only in times of extreme dearth that the same oven sufficed for several families. ( Leviticus 26:26 ) It was heated with dry twigs and grass, ( Matthew 6:30 ) and the loaves were placed both inside and outside of it.
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Bibliography InformationSmith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Oven'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary".