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Achish

Achish [N] [H] [S]

angry, perhaps only a general title of royalty applicable to the Philistine kings.

  • The king with whom David sought refuge when he fled from Saul ( 1 Samuel 21:10-15 ). He is called Abimelech in the superscription of Psalms 34 . It was probably this same king to whom David a second time repaired at the head of a band of 600 warriors, and who assigned him Ziklag, whence he carried on war against the surrounding tribes ( 1 Samuel 27:5-12 ). Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David ( 1 Samuel 28:1 1 Samuel 28:2 ), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to battle along with the Philistine hosts ( 1 Samuel 29:2-11 ). David remained with Achish a year and four months.
  • Another king of Gath, probably grandson of the foregoing, to whom the two servants of Shimei fled. This led Shimei to go to Gath in pursuit of them, and the consequence was that Solomon put him to death ( 1 Kings 2:39-46 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Achish". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Achish [N] [E] [S]

    thus it is; how is this
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Achish'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Achish [N] [E] [H]

    (angry ), a Philistine king of Gath, who in the title of the 34th Psalm is called Abimelech. David twice found a refuge with him when he fled from Saul. (B.C. 1061.) On the first occasion he was alarmed for his safety, feigned madness, and was sent away.


    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Achish'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    ACHISH

    a'-kish ('akhish):

    King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father's name is given as Maoch (1?Samuel 27:2), and Maacah (1?Kings 2:39). David sought the protection of Achish when he first fled from Saul, and just after his visit to Nob (1?Samuel 21:10-15). Fearing rough treatment or betrayal by Achish, he feigned madness. But this made him unwelcome, whereupon he fled to the Cave of Adullam (1?Samuel 22:1). Later in his fugitive period David returned to Gath to be hospitably received by Achish (1?Samuel 27:1), who gave him the town of Ziklag for his home. A year later, when the Philistines invaded the land of Israel, in the campaign which ended so disastrously for Saul (1?Samuel 31), Achish wished David to participate (1?Samuel 28:1-2), but the lords of the Philistines objected so strenuously, when they found him and his men with the forces of Achish, that Achish was compelled to send them back. Achish must have been a young man at this time, for he was still ruling forty years later at the beginning of Solomon's reign (1?Kings 2:39). He is mentioned as Abimelech in the title of Psalms 34. See ABIMELECH.

    Edward Mack


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'ACHISH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.