Aroer

Aroer [N] [H] [S]

ruins.

  • A town on the north bank of the Arnon ( Deuteronomy 4:48 ; Judges 11:26 ; 2 Kings 10:33 ), the southern boundary of the kingdom of Sihon ( Joshua 12:2 ). It is now called Arair, 13 miles west of the Dead Sea.

  • One of the towns built by the tribe of Gad ( Numbers 32:34 ) "before Rabbah" ( Joshua 13:25 ), the Ammonite capital. It was famous in the history of Jephthah ( Judges 11:33 ) and of David ( 2 Samuel 24:5 ). (Compare Isaiah 17:2 ; 2 Kings 15:29 .)

  • A city in the south of Judah, 12 miles south-east of Beersheba, to which David sent presents after recovering the spoil from the Amalekites at Ziklag ( 1 Samuel 30:26 1 Samuel 30:28 ). It was the native city of two of David's warriors ( 1 Chronicles 11:44 ). It is now called Ar'arah.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Aroer". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Aroer [N] [E] [S]

    heath; tamarisk
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Aroer'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Aroer [N] [E] [H]

    (ruins ).

    1. A city on the torrent Arnon, the southern point of the territory of Sihon king of the Amorites and afterwards of the tribe of Reuben, ( 2:36 ; 3:12 ; 4:48 ; Joshua 12:2 ; Joshua 13:9 Joshua 13:16 ; Judges 11:26 ; 2 Kings 10:33 ; 1 Chronicles 5:8 ) but later again in possession of Moab. ( Jeremiah 48:19 ) It is the modern Arair , upon the very edge of the precipitous north bank of the Wady Mojeb .
    2. Aroer, "that is facing Rahbah" (Rabbah of Ammon), a town built by and belonging to Gad. ( Numbers 32:34 ; Joshua 13:25 ; 2 Samuel 24:5 ) This is probably the place mentioned in ( Judges 11:33 ) which was shown in Jeromes time.
    3. Aroer, in ( Isaiah 17:2 ) if a place at all, must be still farther north than either of the two already named.
    4. A town in Judah, named only in ( 1 Samuel 30:28 ) perhaps Wady Ararah , on the road from Petra to Gaza.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Aroer'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    AROER

    a-ro'-er (`aro'er; Aroer):

    (1) A city of the Amorites which stood on the northern edge of the Arnon (Deuteronomy 2:36, etc.). Taken by Israel, it shared the vicissitudes of the country north of the river, and when last named (Jeremiah 48:19) is again in the hands of Moab. It is one of the cities which Mesha claims to have built, i.e. fortified. It was within the territory allotted to Reuben, yet its building (fortification) is attributed to Gad (Numbers 32:34). Thus far came the Syrian, Hazael, in his raid upon Israel (2 Kings 10:33). The Roman road across the valley lay about an hour to the West of Khirbet `Ara`ir.

    (2) A city in Gilead described as "before Rabbah," on the boundary between Gad and the Ammonites (Joshua 13:25). No name resembling this has yet been recovered in the district indicated.

    (3) A city in the territory of Judah named only in 1 Samuel 30:28. Probably however in Joshua 15:22 we should read `ar`arah instead of `adh`adhah, which may be the same city, and may be identical with `Ar`ara, a site with cisterns and some remains of ancient buildings about 14 miles Southeast of Beersheba.

    W. Ewing


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'AROER'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.