Aven

Aven [N] [H] [S]

nothingness; vanity.

  • Hosea speaks of the "high places of Aven" ( 10:8 ), by which he means Bethel. He also calls it Beth-aven, i.e., "the house of vanity" ( 4:15 ), on account of the golden calves Jeroboam had set up there ( 1 Kings 12:28 ).

  • Translated by the LXX. "On" in Ezekiel 30:17 . The Egyptian Heliopolis or city of On (q.v.).

  • In Amos 1:5 it denotes the Syrian Heliopolis, the modern Baalbec.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Aven". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Aven [N] [E] [S]

    iniquity; force; riches; sorrow
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Aven'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Aven [N] [E] [H]

    (nothingness ).

    1. The "plain of Aven" is mentioned by ( Amos 1:5 ) in his denunciation of Syria and the country to the north of Palestine. This Aven is by some supposed to be the once magnificent Heiropolis, "city of I the sun," now Baalbek (Balbek) of Coele-Syria, whose ruins are one of the wonders of the ages. It was situated in a plain near the foot of the Anti-Libanus range of mountains, 42 miles northwest of Damascus. It is famous for the colossal ruins of its temples, one of which with its courts and porticos, extended over 1000 feet in length. The temples were built of marble or limestone and granite. Some of the columns were 7 feet in diameter and 62 feet high, or including capital and pedestal, 89 feet. Some of the building-stones were 64 feet long and 12 feet thick. The temples are of Roman origin.
    2. In ( Hosea 10:8 ) the word is clearly an abbreviation of Bethaven, that is, Bethel. Comp. ( Hosea 4:15 ) etc.
    3. The sacred city of Heliopolis or On, in Egypt. ( Ezekiel 30:17 )

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Aven'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    AVEN

    a'-ven 'awen "emptiness," "vanity":

    Used in Ezekiel 30:17 for On or Heliopolis, in Egypt. See ON. As a term of contempt Hosea calls Beth-el "Beth-aven" (4:15; 10:5). So Amos speaks of some valley near Damascus as "the valley of Aven" (that is, of the idol, 1:5), in which Baalbek (Heliopolis) was situated. The word is rendered "idol" in Isaiah 66:3.


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'AVEN'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.