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Bondage

Bondage [N] [S]

of Israel in Egypt ( Exodus 2:23 Exodus 2:25 ; 5 ), which is called the "house of bondage" ( 13:3 ; 20:2 ). This word is used also with reference to the captivity in Babylon ( Isaiah 14:3 ), and the oppression of the Persian king ( Ezra 9:8 Ezra 9:9 ).

These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Bondage". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

Bondage. [N] [E]

[SLAVE]


[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Bondage'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

BONDAGE

bon'-daj:

Used in two senses in Scripture, a literal and a metaphorical sense.

(1) In the former sense it refers

(a) to the condition of the Hebrews ('abhodhah) in Egypt (Exodus 1:14 the King James Version; Exodus 2:23 and often) which is frequently called "the house of bondage" ("slaves," `abhadhim), Exodus 13:3,14; 20:2; Deuteronomy 5:6 and often. It also refers to the condition of the Hebrews in Babylonia (Isaiah 14:3, the King James Version) and in Persia (Ezra 9:8), where a slightly different form of the same root (`abhedhuth) is used in the original. In both these cases the bondage was not so much personal as national. As a rule individuals were not subject to individuals, but the whole Hebrew people were subject to the Egyptian, Babylonian and the Persian states. They were forced to labor on public works, and otherwise, and were denied their own freedom when the exigencies of state seemed to demand it. The former word `abhodhah is also used in Nehemiah 5:18 as descriptive of the subject and depressed conditions of the Hebrews in Palestine during the earlier years after their return from captivity, when they were still living under Persian suzerainty.

(b) The word bondage (`abhadhim) is also used to describe the slavery into which the poor Jews were being forced by their more prosperous brethren in the earlier years under the Persians in Palestine (Nehemiah 5:5). Here true personal, though temporary, slavery is meant.

(c) Marriage is once referred to as a bondage (1 Corinthians 7:15) (verb douloo).

(2) It is used in the metaphorical sense only in New Testament. he douleia, "bondage," is the power of physical corruption as against the freedom of life (Romans 8:21), the power of fear as over against the confidence of Christian faith (Romans 8:15; Hebrews 2:15), and especially is it the bondage of the letter, of the elements, of a ceremonial and institutional salvation which must be scrupulously and painfully observed, as contrasted with the freedom of the sons of God, emancipated by faith in Jesus Christ. This bondage is a peculiarly Pauline idea since he was fighting for Christian freedom (Galatians 2:4; 4:3,9,24,25; 5:1). In 2 Peter 2:19 the idea is essentially different. Libertinism, masquerading under the name of freedom, is branded as bondage, in contrast with the true freedom of righteous living.

See SLAVERY.

William Joseph McGlothlin


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'BONDAGE'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.